Archive for the Tianjin Category

China’s new grand canal brings water to arid north [China Daily / Sweet & Sour Socialism Essential Archive]

Posted in Beijing, China, CPC, Employment, Hangzhou, Henan Province, Mao Zedong, Sweet and Sour Socialism Essential Archives, Tianjin on March 21, 2015 by Zuo Shou / 左手


~ Largest project of its kind, proposed in 1952, took more than a decade to construct ~

More than 1,400 kilometers of canal and pipeline began transferring water on Friday from China’s longest river, the Yangtze, to the country’s arid northern regions, including the nation’s capital, Beijing.

Completion of this section marks major progress in the enormous South-to-North Water Diversion Project, costing an estimated 500 billion yuan ($80 billion) and the largest of its kind in the world.

President Xi Jinping sent his congratulations on Friday to workers and people “who have made contributions” to the middle route project, calling the achievement a “major event” in the nation’s modernization drive.

He said the success has come through ceaseless effort by hundreds of thousands of people since construction started on Dec 30, 2003. More than 200,000 workers participated in the construction.

Xi described the project as important strategic infrastructure that would optimize water resources, boost sustainable economic and social development, and improve people’s livelihoods.

The south-north water diversion project is another feat of Chinese engineering, in the style of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, the world’s longest man-made river, constructed in the 13th century to transport grain between the south and north.

Water will eventually flow via eastern, middle and western routes along canals, pipelines and tunnels. It took eight years for engineers and workers to complete two 4,000-meter-long tunnels under the riverbed of the Yellow River, China’s second largest.

The first-stage of the project, the eastern route, went into operation last year, sending water to Shandong province. By 2050, as many as 440 million people could benefit from the diversion of 44.8 billion cubic meters of water each year.

The middle route begins at Danjiangkou reservoir, in Hubei province, and runs for 1,432 km. It will supply 9.5 billion cu m of water per year to some 100 million people in the dry northern regions, including the cities of Beijing and Tianjin, and provinces of Henan and Hebei.

The water will meet household, industrial and agricultural demand, benefiting more than 100 counties.

President Xi urged the route’s management to protect the quality of water and to save water.

Work still needs to be done to ensure the livelihoods and employment of the 400,000 people displaced by the construction, including 345,000 people whose hometown was submerged as part of the massive Danjiangkou reservoir.

Premier Li Keqiang said the project will benefit both current and future generations, and urged the project management team to ensure the security and stability of supply.

The project was conceived by late Chinese leader Mao Zedong in 1952 but only approved by the State Council in December 2002, after nearly half a century of debate.

It has been widely hailed as an example of how the Chinese people are capable of bettering their lives through hard work. But the new waterway presents fresh challenges, such as the protection of water quality from unforeseen natural risks in the future.

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China’s first collection of natural disaster risk maps released [People’s Daily]

Posted in Beijing, China, Natural disaster, Tianjin on May 18, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

May 12, 2011

The “Collection of China’s Natural Disaster Risk Maps,” the culmination of 10 years of natural disaster risk research, was recently released in Beijing. The maps highlight the regional distribution characteristics of China’s various types of natural disasters and are China’s first such comprehensive natural disaster “risk maps.”

The collection of maps includes more than 400 maps and scores of statistical tables based on hundreds of years of records on natural disasters and related losses in China and displays the distribution of China’s natural disasters from a unique angle. It is noteworthy that the collection of maps shows that the level of China’s natural disaster risks have a downward trend from eastern regions to western regions.

Seven regions, namely the region covering the Yangtze River Delta and the areas along the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the Huai River drainage area, the region covering the North China Plain, Beijing [!], Tianjin and Tangshan, the region of Hunan and Hubei provinces, the Fen-Wei Basin, the Sichuan Basin and the lower reaches of Liaohe River, are most exposed to comprehensive natural disasters.

Furthermore, the collection of the maps also includes risk assessments of natural disasters in China, such as earthquakes, typhoons, floods, landslides, sandstorms, snow, hailstones, frost, forest fires and prairie fires. It focuses on regional distribution characteristics, the regularity of these natural disasters as well as the spatial differences of the comprehensive natural disaster risks among different provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions…

By People’s Daily Online

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Li’s visit pushes China-EU ties toward new stage [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, Environmental protection, EU, France, Germany, Hu Jintao, Spain, Tianjin, Transportation, U.K. on January 17, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

January 4, 2011

Vice-Premier Li Keqiang’s official visit to Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom, which is due to start on Tuesday, marks an important step toward developing closer ties with the European Union (EU) and strengthening pragmatic cooperation.

The weeklong visit is expected to further deepen mutual understanding with the 27-member bloc, expand bilateral economic cooperation and help lay a solid foundation for consolidating and developing an all-round strategic partnership.

The establishment of the market economy in China and the continuing improvement of its domestic investment environment have promoted extensive and fruitful industrial and investment cooperation between China and the EU, which will be a driver for cooperation.

Two-way investment has increased by a large margin over the past decades. The EU is now China’s fourth largest source of foreign capital. By the end of 2009, EU members had established 31,874 ventures in China, with a total investment of $68 billion. China’s investment in Europe has also mushroomed in recent years. By the end of 2009, the country’s direct outbound investment covered almost all 27 EU members, with an accumulated investment of $6.28 billion, and nearly 1,400 Chinese-funded ventures had been set up in European countries, employing about 15,000 local people. In 2009 alone, EU-bound investment reached $2.97 billion, about 5.3 percent of China’s total outbound investment volumes, a 5.35-fold increase year-on-year.

Bilateral cooperation on some major high-tech projects has also produced some remarkable achievements over the past years. The establishment of an A320 assembling line in Tianjin marked a major breakthrough between China and the EU in aviation cooperation. From 2005 to 2009, China purchased from Airbus a total of 410 A320 planes. During President Hu Jintao’s state visit to France in November, the Chinese side struck a deal to purchase an additional 102 planes from Airbus. China-EU cooperation in the railway, auto, steel and petrochemical sectors has not only helped China learn advanced technologies and management expertise, but has also brought huge economic benefits to European countries.

The strong economic complementariness [sic] between China and the EU augurs broader prospects for bilateral industrial and investment cooperation. China is now striving to transform its economic development model, set up a modern industrial system and sharpen the core competitiveness of its enterprises. It is also committed to building a green economy and low-carbon society. All this leaves a wide space for expanded cooperation with EU countries.

The EU has taken the lead in many technologies including low-carbon industries. The “EU 2020 Strategy” shows its determination to develop a green and sustainable economy on the basis of knowledge and innovation.

China and the EU should grab the opportunities brought about by the global financial crisis, and the accelerated global economic transformation, and industrial upgrading and try to surmount obstacles on their way to further cooperation. For the EU, it should recognize China’s full market economy status as soon as possible and relax restrictions on high-tech exports to China. And China should further strengthen its intellectual property rights (IPR) protection efforts and improve its investment environment in a bid to achieve a new stage of industrial and investment cooperation with the EU.

China’s economic boom has been the result of its determined reform and opening-up drive over the past decades. Chinese enterprises are also encouraged to invest in suitable destinations in EU countries.

The author is vice-minister of the National Development and Reform Commission.

By Xu Xianping, China Daily

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China to invest 700 billion RMB in railways in 2011 [People’s Daily]

Posted in Beijing, Brazil, China, India, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Shanghai, Thailand, Tianjin, Transportation, Turkey, USA on January 16, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

January 5, 2011

China will invest 700 billion yuan (106 billion U.S. dollars) in building railways over the course of 2011, according to a meeting of the national railway work conference.

The money would be used for 70 new intercity projects.

China will open a 33-billion-U.S.-dollar high-speed rail link between Beijing and Shanghai in June, cutting the journey between the two cities in half to less than five hours. China plans to invest 3 trillion to 4 trillion yuan in its high-speed rail network between 2011 and 2015.

China CNR Corp. and CSR Corp., the nation’s two largest train builders, surged in Shanghai trading after the government said it would spend 700 billion yuan ($106 billion) on rail construction this year.

CSR, the word’s third-largest high-speed train producer behind Bombardier and Alstom, will focus on the domestic market and tap more overseas opportunities, including those in the United States and Europe, to become No. 1 in the high-speed railway manufacturing sector, Zheng Changhong, president of CSR, said in an interview with the 21st Century Business Herald.

Since China rolled out its first high-speed railway between Beijing and Tianjin in 2008, the country has ranked first in high-speed rail for speed and distance.

CSR’s CRH380A, China’s latest high-speed train, set a world record on Dec. 3 by traveling at a maximum speed of 486.1 kilometers per hour during a trial run on the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway — as fast as a jet cruising at slow speed.

The country is operating a high-speed rail network with a combined length of 7,531 kilometers, which is the world’s longest. By 2012, this figure will almost double to 13,000 kilometers.

“The next five years will also be a peak period in terms of railway construction, with annual investment touching 700 billion yuan,” Zheng said.

China has also stepped up efforts to take a bigger slice of the global market, he said. High-speed rail projects in Thailand and Laos, which China will help to build, are likely to start in 2011.

Since 2003, China has signed agreements or Memoranda of Understanding for bilateral cooperation on railways with more than 30 countries, including the US, Russia, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Poland and India.

According to the government’s blueprint, China’s railway network will serve more than 90 percent of the population by 2020, with a budgeted cost of 2 trillion yuan.

By People’s Daily Online

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People’s Republic of China with new posture in 2011 [People’s Daily]

Posted in 2010 World Expo, Beijing, China, Economy, Hu Jintao, Premier Wen Jiabao, Reform and opening up, Science, Special Economic Zones, Tianjin on January 9, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

January 4, 2010

Resplendent China, a giant developing nation with a population of 1.3 billion, filled the world with immense admirations [sic] in 2010, even if the nation is viewed at whatever angle.

People can pick up at least two symbolic pictures to illustrate this point: First, the United States released a striking astronaut photograph featuring the glittering night scene around two of China’s most populous cities — Beijing and Tianjin, both located the northern part of the country near Bohai Gulf. It quietly tells the world the rapid modernization and urbanization of an ancient Oriental nation. This photo was acquired by astronauts from the International Space Station on December 14, 2010. Secondly, another gorgeous night scene of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo Park, with a dazzling, splendid firework display that foreigners said could almost match a fireworks show at the opening ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

It “lasted for six month”, [sic] and “more than 200 countries, regions and international organizations participated in the Shanghai World Expo, the largest ever.” And when this century-old dream finally came true, note some Western media, China is in “quest almost yearning [sic] — for the admiration and the respect of the rest of the world…”

In addition to a vivid and lively World Expo and the ensuing successful Asia Games, we can at least enumerate the seventh consecutive year of good grain yield, the China-made supercomputer “Milky No.1”, with the fastest speed in the world, and Chang’e II, which was lifted off from the launch pad at Xichang Satellite Launch Station the Long March 3C rocket carrying China’s second unmanned lunar probe…

However, as Premier Wen Jiabao said in a report “Recognizing a True China” he delivered at the 65th Session of the United Nations Headquarters in New York on 13 October, “Today went to China’s modernization, advanced behind the coexistence of old and new conflicts interwoven, facing many unprecedented challenges…”

True indeed, there are a lot of “things not good” behind the “highlights”. For instance, a catastrophic fire at the intersection of Jiaozhou Road and Yuyao Road in downtown Shanghai, which had left 53 residents dead, also sternly admonished people that there is a long, torturous journey to go to achieve the goal “Better City, Better Life”. Again, an increased food production, a rapid economic recovery and domestic demand expansion on the one hand and the not-so-optimistic macroeconomic control and the recent price hike of non-staple food coexist side by side, and netizens across the Taiwan straits spontaneously selected or brought up the world “swelling” to represent, sum up or describe the year 2010 with their implied frustration “at banter” [sic].

Moreover, according to figures released by the SAWS in July, work place accidents had killed 33,876 people across China over the first half of 2010; the toll for such accidents in the whole year could be six to seven thousand [sic] people even though the figure is yet to be available from SAWS and even if this number may be less than casualties in the previous years, and [sic] it is still stunning and shocking nevertheless.

This also represents a true China, one in the throes of transformation, and also one painfully [sic] to look forward to a profound and in-depth change.

In 2010, what made people incline to blink most is neither the Chinese economy which some people took as the “life-saving straw” for driving global economy out of the crisis nor a real “feat” in which China’s Zhejiang Geely Holding Group purchased Volvo Unite for 1.8 billion US dollars. But it was Internet users in China who, using micro-blog, forums and other forms at their service to explore the occurrence of every public event or the occasion of a humanitarian disaster, doggedly seek for press coverage and dual questions for public official strata and the general public.

What echoes or coordinates with Chinese Internet users is the new statements or enunciations of their decision makers for an in-depth reforms [sic]. In activities to market the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone (SEZ), President Hu Jintao said that breakthroughs should be made in major realms and key links with regard to the promotion of the comprehensive economic system, the political system, the cultural system, and the social reform.

The latest Central Economic Working Conference held at the year [sic] end of 2010 focused far beyond the economic domain with lengthy details on “top-level designing” of the reform. This indicates fully both the resolve and courage of the central decision making quarters for directing or guiding the in-depth reform and coordinated support.

On top of this, the year we have ushered in is the first year of the 12th Five-Year Plan period (2011-2015). More importantly, it marks the centennial of the 1911 Revolution, the Chinese bourgeois democratic revolution led by Forerunner [sic] Dr. Sun Yat-sen toppled the imperial Qing dynasty (1644-1911) and overthrew the 3,000 year-old Chinese feudal system. At this crucial historical juncture, we rest assured that the People’s Republic will surely advance forward in the reform with a brand-new posture…

By People’s Daily Online and its author is PD desk editor Li Hongbing

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China and Russia strengthen strategic ties to counter threats from US-Japanese axis [World Socialist Web Site]

Posted in Anti-fascism, China, China-US relations, Dalian, Diaoyu Islands, Fascism, Georgia, Germany, Japan, Obama, President Medvedev, Russia, Sino-Russian, South China Sea, Taiwan, Tianjin, Tibet, US imperialism, USA, USSR, World War II, Xinjiang on October 7, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手
By John Chan
6 October 2010

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s visit to China on September 25-27 is a further sign that Moscow and Beijing are consolidating their ties in order to counter the US and its main ally in North East Asia, Japan.

 Medvedev and Chinese President Hu Jintao issued a joint statement that called for “comprehensively deepening strategic cooperation,” amid mounting threats and challenges in the Asian Pacific region.  The statement emphasised mutual support for each other’s core interests—Russian support for Beijing’s sovereignty over Taiwan, Tibet and Xinjiang, and Chinese support for Moscow’s “efforts to promote peace and stability throughout the Caucasian region and the Commonwealth of Independent States”.

 While not naming the US, the statement was clearly directed against Washington.  In 2008, Russia waged a war with the US-backed Georgian regime to support the independence of two Georgian provinces.  In Asia, US-China tensions have sharpened during the past year as the Obama administration has intervened aggressively in the region over a range of issues—from selling arms to Taiwan to backing South East Asian nations in their territorial disputes with China in the South China Sea.

 Just as significant was a second joint statement marking the 65th anniversary of the end of World War II.  The two countries condemned attempts “to glorify Nazis, militarists and their accomplices, and to tarnish the image of liberators”.  The statement was aimed not only at Western criticisms of the Soviets…, but also right-wing nationalist politicians in Japan who whitewash the crimes of the wartime militarist regime.

 “The fascists and militarists schemed to conquer and enslave us two nations, other countries and the whole [Eurasian] continent.  China and Russia will never forget the feat of those who checked the two forces,” the statement declared.  It went to proclaim that the “glorious history” of Soviet-Chinese wartime cooperation against Japan “has laid a sound foundation for today’s strategic partnership of coordination between China and Russia”.

 The statement was directed against Japan in particular.  It came during a bitter diplomatic row between China and Japan over the disputed Diaoyu islets (known as Senkaku in Japan) in the East China Sea, triggered by Japan’s detention of a Chinese trawler captain.

 Medvedev began his trip by visiting the northeastern Chinese city of Dalian, where he paid his respects to Soviet soldiers who died fighting to expel the Japanese army from Manchuria in August 1945.  Significantly, he also paid tribute to Russian soldiers killed in the 1904-05 war between Tsarist Russia and Imperial Japan—a conflict between two imperialist powers.

 Following Medvedev’s visit, China’s official Xinhua news agency accused Washington of “protecting large numbers of militarist war criminals in Asia”, especially in Japan, after the end of World War II.  The comment also accused the US of betraying the post-war agreements among the Allies, which included China.  Xinhua highlighted the fact that under the 1945 Potsdam agreement, Japan had to return all territories annexed during and prior to the war.  However in 1971, the US unilaterally handed the Diaoyu Islands back to Japan, despite China’s objections.

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15 Chinese mainland cities rank among world’s most expensive / 全球城市生活成本排名 中国大陆15城市上榜 [People’s Daily / 人民网]

Posted in Beijing, Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shenyang, Taiwan, Tianjin, 中文-英文 / Bilingual ~ English-Chinese on July 23, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

I’m frankly dubious about these rankings.  Having lived for a few years in one of the Chinese cities listed, the cost-of-living is so low compared to the US.  Perhaps these are ranked in some kind of domestically-relative scale?   Still, I’m posting this for posting’s sake. –  左手

July 15, 2010

Japan’s Tokyo took the title as the world’s most expensive city in cost-of-living rankings recently released by the largest global human resources consulting firm ECA International, according to the U.S.-based Huffington Post.

There were 15 Chinese mainland cities among the world’s 240 most expensive cities.  Shanghai ranked 46th, Beijing 55th, Guangzhou 93rd, Shenzhen 98th, Shenyang 132nd, Tianjin 140th, Dalian 143rd, Qingdao 143rd, Chongqing 157th, Suzhou 163rd, Chengdu 164th, Wuhan 164th, Xiamen 166th, Xi’an 167th and Nanjing 167th.  Furthermore, Hong Kong took the 34th position, and Taipei and Kaohsiung took the 85th and 112th positions, respectively.

ECA International’s cost-of-living indices are compiled based on surveys of day-to-day goods and services that are carried out annually in March and September.

According to the latest data, the exchange rate of the yen against the U.S. dollars has continued to appreciate over the past three years and has rapidly boosted the cost of living for Japan’s large cities.  Four Japanese cities were ranked in the world’s top-10 most expensive cities with Tokyo ranking first, Nagoya fourth, Yokohama fifth and Kobe seventh.

It is surprising that there were no U.S. cities among the world’s top-20 most expensive cities[!].  The most expensive U.S. city is Manhattan, which ranked 29th, followed by Honolulu at the 41st position.

By People’s Daily Online

全球城市生活成本排名 中国大陆15城市上榜




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