Archive for the Shanghai Category

Chinese opt to study, but not stay, in US: report [China Daily]

Posted in Beijing, China, China-US relations, Education, Employment, India, Shanghai, south Korea, USA on November 1, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

By JACK FREIFELDER in New York (China Daily USA)

China remains by far the largest source country for foreign students coming to the US for higher education, according to a new report from the Brookings Institution.

From 2008 to 2012, more than 1.1 million foreign students attended school in the US, and China comprised the largest portion of that group, with 285,000 students entering the US with F-1 student visas, showed the new study The Geography of Foreign Students in US Higher Education: Origins and Destinations on Aug 29.

During that time foreign students studying in the US contributed more than $21 billion in tuition and close to $13 billion in living costs to the American economy. But just 45 percent of these students extended their visas after graduation and got jobs in the US.

“Chinese students are coming to the US to study in fields that are highly sought out, and to get the skills to compete in this global economy,” Neil G. Ruiz, an associate fellow at the Brookings, who wrote the new study, told China Daily.

“China is special because the numbers are so large, but a lot of foreign students are coming from the newly-emerging cities in China, like Nanjing, Guangzhou, Wuhan, etc,” Ruiz said, “so Beijing and Shanghai are not the only cities that these students are coming from because of the high demand for an American education.”

The report shows that two-thirds of foreign students are studying in “STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) or business, management and marketing fields,” compared to 48 percent of their US counterparts…

Excerpted; full article link: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/world/2014-09/01/content_18525887.htm

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Russia-China strategic accords in view [Workers World]

Posted in Afghanistan, Beijing, China, Iran, Iraq, NATO, Philippines, Russia, Shanghai, South China Sea, Ukraine on May 28, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

By Manlio Dinucci on May 22, 2014

This article by Manlio Dinucci was published in Il Manifesto on May 20 and translated by Workers World managing editor John Catalinotto from Italian.

While NATO convenes its 28 defense ministers in Brussels on May 21 to strengthen its forces to confront Russia, which includes improving the training of Kiev’s military and paramilitary forces (including squads that have attempted the murder of the secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party), and the European Union adopts new sanctions against Russia, this aggression is being answered not from Moscow but from far-away Beijing.

President Putin begins his official visit to China on May 21, during which the two countries will sign 30 bilateral agreements, whose first effect will be to neutralize Washington’s plan aimed at “isolating Putin’s Russia by cutting off its economic and political ties to the outside world.”

The agreements’ scope is strategic. A contract worth $270 billion between the Russian state company Rosneft and China’s National Petroleum Company provides that Russia will supply more than 700 million tons of oil to China over the next 25 years. Another contract provides that the Russian state company Gazprom will supply 38 billion cubic meters of gas per year to China by 2018, or about a quarter of what it provides today to Europe.

The Chinese plan investments amounting to $20 billion, concentrated in infrastructure. Moscow plans to strengthen the pipeline between eastern Siberia and the Pacific, joining it to a 2,500-mile pipeline to supply China. Beijing is also interested in making investments in the Crimea, in particular for the production and export of liquefied natural gas, and for the modernization of agriculture and the construction of a cereal terminal.

At the same time, Moscow and Beijing are planning to abandon the dollar as the currency for trade in the Asian region. And Russia is planning its own payment system, modeled on China’s “Union Pay,” whose credit cards can be used in more than 140 countries, ranking it second in the world after Visa.

Russian-Chinese cooperation will not be limited to the economic arena. Presidents Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping, according to diplomatic sources, will make a “substantial declaration” on the international situation.

Their convergence on strategic interests will be exemplified by a strategic joint exercise that navies of the two countries plan to carry out in the South China Sea, taking place just after a large U.S. air and naval exercise in the Philippines. And a military agreement under which Moscow will supply Beijing with the multirole fighter Sukhoi Su-35, Lada class submarines and the most advanced S-400 missile defense systems has practically been concluded.

To emphasize the convergence of interests between Moscow and Beijing, Putin is speaking at the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), which will be chaired by Xi Jinping, to be held in Shanghai on May 20-21 with the participation of Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. That’s a slap in the face for the United States, which, after having spent $6 trillion in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, now sees China increasing its economic presence in these countries.

China is buying about half of the oil produced in Iraq and is making large investments in the oil industry; in Afghanistan, China is investing primarily in mining, after Pentagon geologists discovered rich deposits of lithium, cobalt, gold and other metals. And, by opening outlets for Iran to the east, Russia and China effectively nullify the embargo carried out by the U.S. and the EU.

It’s not going any better for Washington on the western front. The possibility, proposed by the Obama administration, of reducing within a decade the gas furnished by Russia to Europe by more than 25 percent and replacing it with liquefied natural gas supplied by the United States, is proving to be a bluff. This is confirmed by the fact that, despite the sanctions announced by Berlin, German companies continue to invest in the Russian energy industry — the RMA Pipeline Equipment, a manufacturer of valves for oil and gas pipelines, is opening its largest facility in the Volga region. And Gazprom has already signed all the contracts, including one for $2.75 billion, with the Italian company Saipem (Eni) for the implementation of the South Stream gas pipeline that, bypassing Ukraine, will bring Russian gas via the Black Sea up to Bulgaria and from there into the EU.

Even if the U.S. were able to block the South Stream, Russia could divert the gas to China. From now on, the “East Stream” is open.

Article link: http://www.workers.org/articles/2014/05/22/russia-china-strategic-accords-view/

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Top 10 best places to retire in China [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, Dalian, Guangzhou, Liaoning Province, Qingdao, Shanghai on May 15, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

May 8, 2014

For many, retirement is a new phase of life, when you can banish all thoughts that have been bothering you at a younger age and just enjoy the rest of your life.

But if you have a chance to consider new surroundings, you might as well factor into your options doctor availability, housing, living costs, weather and air quality, and so on.

With these considered, we have come up with a list of 10 best Chinese cities for retirement.

* No 10 Chengdu, Sichuan province

The city boasts best medical care services in China, particularly compared to other inland cities, with about 20 first-class hospitals. Besides, medical care costs are much lower than mega cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai…

To see full “Top 10 list” and photos, see: http://english.people.com.cn/205040/8620825.html

“‘Good’ and ‘bad’ war – and the struggle of memory against forgetting” – Korean War truth suppression enables war on China [JohnPilger.com]

Posted in Anti-communism, Black propaganda, China, DPR Korea, Encirclement of China, Genocide, Historical myths of the US, Japan, Kim Il Sung, Korean War, Shanghai, south Korea, US foreign occupation, US Government Cover-up, US imperialism, USA, USA 21st Century Cold War, World War II on February 18, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

12 February 2014

by John Pilger

12 February 2014

…In ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’, George Orwell wrote: “Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”

The people of Korea understand this well. The slaughter on their peninsula following the second world war is known as the “forgotten war”, whose significance for all humanity has long been suppressed in military histories of cold war good versus evil.

I have just read ‘The Korean War: A History by Bruce Cumings’ (2010), professor of history at the University of Chicago. I first saw Cumings interviewed in Regis Tremblay’s extraordinary film, ‘The Ghosts of Jeju’, which documents the uprising of the people of the southern Korean island of Jeju in 1948 and the campaign of the present-day islanders to stop the building of a base with American missiles aimed provocatively at China.

Like most Koreans, the farmers and fishing families protested the senseless division of their nation between north and south in 1945 – a line drawn along the 38th Parallel by an American official, Dean Rusk, who had “consulted a map around midnight on the day after we obliterated Nagasaki with an atomic bomb,” wrote Cumings. The myth of a “good” Korea (the south) and a “bad” Korea (the north) was invented.

In fact, Korea, north and south, has a remarkable people’s history of resistance to feudalism and foreign occupation, notably Japan’s in the 20th century. When the Americans defeated Japan in 1945, they occupied Korea and often branded those who had resisted the Japanese as “commies”. On Jeju island, as many as 60,000 people were massacred by militias supported, directed and, in some cases, commanded by American officers.

This and other unreported atrocities were a “forgotten” prelude to the Korean War (1950-53) in which more people were killed than Japanese died during all of world war two. Cumings’ gives an astonishing tally of the degree of destruction of the cities of the north is astonishing: Pyongyang 75 per cent, Sariwon 95 per cent, Sinanju 100 per cent. Great dams in the north were bombed in order to unleash internal tsunamis. “Anti-personnel” weapons, such as Napalm, were tested on civilians…

“The unhindered machinery of incendiary bombing was visited on the North for three years,” he wrote, “yielding a wasteland and a surviving mole people who had learned to love the shelter of caves, mountains, tunnels and redoubts, a subterranean world that became the basis for reconstructing a country…

The guerrilla leader Kim Il Sung had begun fighting the Japanese militarists in 1932. Every characteristic attached to the regime he founded – “communist, rogue state, evil enemy” – derives from a ruthless, brutal, heroic resistance: first to Japan, then the United States, which threatened to nuke the rubble its bombers had left. Cumings exposes as propaganda the notion that Kim Il Sung, leader of the “bad” Korea, was a stooge of Moscow. In contrast, the regime that Washington invented in the south, the “good” Korea, was run largely by those who had collaborated with Japan and America.

The Korean War has an unrecognised distinction. It was in the smouldering ruins of the peninsula that the US turned itself into what Cumings calls “an archipelago of empire”. When the Soviet Union collapsed in the 1990s, it was as if the whole planet was declared American – or else.

But there is China now. The base currently being built on Cheju island will face the Chinese metropolis of Shanghai, less than 300 miles away, and the industrial heartland of the only country whose economic power is likely to surpass that of the US. “China,” says President Obama in a leaked briefing paper, “is our fast emerging strategic threat.” By 2020, almost two thirds of all US naval forces in the world will be transferred to the Asia-Pacific region. In an arc extending from Australia to Japan and beyond, China will be ringed by US missiles and nuclear-weapons armed aircraft. Will this threat to all of us be “forgotten”, too?

Excerpted; full article link: http://johnpilger.com/articles/good-and-bad-war-and-the-struggle-of-memory-against-forgetting

Beijing has world’s most delayed airport [People’s Daily]

Posted in Beijing, China, Japan, Shanghai, Tourism, Transportation, USA on July 22, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

July 11, 2013

Flying to and from Beijing? Bring your patience. The city’s aviation hub remains the most delayed international airport in the world.

Beijing Capital International Airport ranked bottom in the on-time performance report in June, with just 18.3 percent of commercial passenger flights leaving on schedule. Shanghai Pudong International Airport reported the second worst departure record at 28.72 percent, among 35 major international airports.

The report was released by FlightStats, a US service that tracks historical and real-time flight information around the globe.

Tokyo’s Haneda maintained its top spot, with an on-time performance of 95.04 percent.

A flight is considered “on time” if it arrives or departs within 15 minutes after its scheduled take-off or landing time.

There have been different voices from China’s industry insiders over air traffic volume as the cause of flight delays.

Civil aviation occupied only 20 percent of air traffic in China, with 80 percent of the flow for military use, while the situation in the US was the opposite, said Wang Junjin, president of Juneyao Airlines in Shanghai.

China’s air space would be crowded with just over 10,000 operating flights per day, but over 60,000 operating flights per day compete to fly in the US and could still maintain order, Wang added.

An opposing view says air traffic should not be blamed for flight delays. China’s airports couldn’t keep up with the growth of commercial aircrafts, said Zou Jianjun, an associate professor at the Civil Aviation Management Institute of China.

Article link: http://english.people.com.cn/90882/8321858.html

Washington’s hacking charges escalate pressure on China [World Socialist Website]

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, Beijing, Black propaganda, Capitalism crisis early 21st century, Capitalist media double standard, China, China-bashing, Corporate Media Critique, DPR Korea, George W. Bush, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Nukes, Pentagon, PLA, Shanghai, south Korea, US drone strikes, US imperialism, USA on May 27, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

By Alex Lantier
21 May 2013

Yesterday, top US officials and media outlets made unsubstantiated allegations of hacking of US computer systems by a military unit in Shanghai, escalating tensions with China.

The New York Times led this campaign, publishing an article titled “Chinese Hackers Resume Attacks on US Targets,” which served as a conduit for accusations and threats against China by US computer security firm Mandiant and US officials. The Times claimed that the Chinese army’s Unit 61398 in Shanghai, whose existence Washington alleged this February, “is back in business.”

The Times effectively admitted that it had no evidence to support its allegations. “It is not clear,” it wrote, “precisely who has been affected by the latest attacks. Mandiant, a private security company that helps companies and government agencies defend themselves from hackers, said the attacks had resumed but would not identify the targets, citing agreements with its clients.”

The Times claimed that China had targeted several firms—including Coca-Cola, French energy firm Schneider Electric, and US defense contractor Lockheed Martin—in previous attacks. None of these firms confirmed the Times ’ allegations, however, instead declining to comment.

This complete lack of evidence notwithstanding, current and former Obama administration officials speaking to the Times unleashed a torrent of threats against China. An unnamed US “senior official” said, “This is something we are going to have to come back at time and again with the Chinese leadership.” He added that Beijing has “to be convinced there is a real cost to this kind of activity.”

On Wednesday, former Obama administration Director of National Intelligence Dennis Blair and Ambassador to China John Huntsman are slated to release a plan for a series of executive orders and legislative acts to threaten China over the issue of hacking. Blair told the Times: “Jawboning alone won’t work. Something has to change in China’s calculus.”

The Obama administration mooted similar plans last month in a Wall Street Journal article, that described a “potentially rapid escalation” of tensions with China. According to the Journal, Washington is considering imposing “trade sanctions, diplomatic pressure, indictments of Chinese nationals in US courts and cyber countermeasures—both attack and defense.”

These unsubstantiated US accusations against Beijing over hacking drip with cynicism and hypocrisy. The US itself maintains the largest and most destructive cyber warfare apparatus in the world. It announced this March the formation of 13 offensive cyber war teams, writing malicious computer code to disable or destroy computers or computerized infrastructure, part of a multi-billion-dollar US cyber war program.

The Obama administration already claimed the right this February to wage pre-emptive cyber-attacks, transposing onto the Internet the illegal methods of aggression most infamously used by the Bush administration against Iraq. This came after the US and Israel worked together to disable Iran’s nuclear program by putting the Stuxnet virus into Iranian computer systems running nuclear centrifuges. This was accompanied by a series of bombings and assassinations inside Iran, targeting Iranian scientists.

Significantly, as elements of the US foreign policy establishment have admitted, what is driving Washington’s vague accusations of Chinese cyberwarfare is not primarily whatever hacking may be occurring, but the rising military tensions between the United States and China.

As Richard Falkenrath of the US Council on Foreign Relations said in February, describing US accusations of Chinese cyberwar hacking, “While this is all described in neutral terms—what are we going to do about cyber-attacks—the underlying question is, ‘What are we going to do about China?’”

Military and diplomatic relations between the world’s two largest economies have worsened dramatically since Washington’s aggressive “pivot to Asia,” aimed at containing China, announced during Obama’s first term. Last month, Washington escalated military exercises with South Korea into a full-blown war scare with neighboring North Korea. It demonstratively deployed nuclear-capable B-2 Stealth bombers to the Korean peninsula, only a few hundred kilometers from China.

Cyber warfare looms large as an issue in US-China military relations, as electronic communications become ever more central to coordinating far-flung military forces, detecting them, and targeting them with precision-guided munitions. Such forces include not only traditional ones like US naval task forces built around aircraft carriers and troop transports, but also newer weapons such as US or Chinese remote-controlled or computer-operated drones.

Last week, the US Navy tested the X-47B—its first fully autonomous, computer-guided drone aircraft—on the aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush. The Times noted that “to offset China’s numerical advantage and technological advances, the US Navy is betting heavily on drones—not just the X-47B and its successors, but anti-submarine reconnaissance drones, long-range communications drones, even underwater drones.”

The paper noted the rising risk of accidental conflict, as the US fills the Pacific Ocean with “thousands” of drones, and China deploys its own drones so as not to fall too far behind.

The issue of cyber warfare is closely bound up with the accelerating arms race in the Pacific. The Pentagon’s recent report to the US Congress on Chinese military capabilities stressed the role of Chinese cyber warfare planning as part of broader plans to deter a possible US intervention against China. One can only suppose that US preparations for cyber warfare against China are similarly or even more advanced.

The Pentagon wrote that China’s “sustained investment” in cyberwarfare, guided missile, and space warfare capabilities “appear” designed to enable anti-access/area-denial missions (what PLA [Chinese People’s Liberation Army] strategists refer to as ‘counter-intervention operations’). … China continues to develop measures to deter or counter third-party intervention, particularly by the United States. China’s approach to dealing with this problem is manifested in a sustained effort to develop the capability to attack at long ranges military forces that might deploy or operate within the Western Pacific.”

The combination of US threats and unsubstantiated accusations and preparations, both Chinese and American, for what would be a cataclysmic Sino-American conflict, point to the profound crisis of world capitalism.

The industrial infrastructure underlying US-China trade, which totals one-half trillion dollars per year, is at the heart of the world economy. Yet under capitalism and the nation-state system, it must base itself on international financial and military relations which are now in an advanced state of collapse.

On the one hand, crisis-ridden American banks have accumulated trillions of dollars of debts to China, which they are ever less inclined to repay. On the other, while China’s industrial growth has not pulled the Chinese working masses out of poverty, it has shaken US imperialism’s geo-strategic hegemony, which underlay international relations in post-war Asia.

What is emerging is, as the great Russian Marxist Leon Trotsky wrote in 1914 at the beginning of World War I, the “revolt of the forces of production against the political form of nation and state.” Then as now, the critical task is mobilizing the working class in a common international struggle for socialism and against imperialist war.

Article link: http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/05/21/hack-m21.html

China Focus: Private collector cherishes memory of Mao’s “educated youth” [Xinhua]

Posted in Beijing, China, Heilongjiang Province, Jilin Province, Liaoning Province, Mao Zedong, Shanghai on May 20, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

by Xinhua writers Cheng Lu, Zhou Yan and Jiang Chenrong

YAN’AN, May 14 (Xinhua) — Satchels and mugs with Chairman Mao’s portrait. Kerosene lanterns. Books, newspapers and magazines that are at least 40 years old.

The humble two-story building where Gao Mingliang houses his private collection of antiques was turned into an exhibition hall last month.

The free exhibition shows the history of Mao Zedong’s “educated youth,” or the estimated 12 to 18 million young urbanites who were sent off to the countryside during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976).

Most of the “educated youth” had received only a secondary school education. Some were still in middle school when they were swept up in the campaign.

They were, at Mao’s call for young urbanites to “go down to the countryside,” dispatched to inhospitable areas of rural provinces with ambitions to make the infertile land bloom.

UNFORGETTABLE PAST

But Gao Mingliang, 62, was not a member of the students-turned-farmers.

“I just worked with them on the farm and later in my office at the local cultural bureau,” Gao said at the museum in downtown Yan’an, a city in northwest China’s Shaanxi Province that served as Mao’s revolutionary base for 13 years before the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949.

A native of Yan’an, Gao said he felt sorry for the urban children from Beijing and Shanghai who fumbled with farm tools and struggled to adapt themselves to the tough climate, different diet and hard physical work.

“I witnessed the bitterness they suffered, as well as their courage and fortitude,” said Gao. “That part of history should not be forgotten.”

In 1979, when most of the sent-down youth had returned to their home cities, Gao began collecting the things they had left behind: photos, newspapers and magazines that covered the lives of the students-turned-farmers, as well as deserted stationery, farm tools and personal belongings.

After he retired from his job as a coordinator at Ganquan County’s cultural bureau last year, he began sorting out his collection for an exhibition.

When he traveled to other provinces, he would visit local curio markets to hunt for antiques related to the Cultural Revolution and the “educated youth.”

He also rummaged for old newspapers and documents in dustbins and carefully picked out pieces of information that he found valuable.

He visited more than 200 former “educated youth,” taking down their first-hand accounts of the old days and collecting whatever old objects they could provide.

When his exhibition was unveiled on April 13, he had put together more than 2,000 items to exhibit in the 200-square-meter hall.

The exhibition has received more than 2,000 visitors over the past month, including former “educated youth” from Beijing, Shanghai and other cities within Shaanxi Province.

Gao remembered one of the visitors sitting on a “kang,” the equivalent of a bed built of bricks and heated by fire, and crying. “He recounted the pain he suffered as a teenager, having to carry rocks, feed pigs and toil endlessly in the scorching sun.”

But at the end of his tearful visit, the man wiped his eyes and announced that he “couldn’t have been as strong and perseverant later in his life without that experience,” according to Gao.

While the majority of students-turned farmers returned to the city to attend college or secure a job, some of them chose to stay in the countryside permanently.

Fu Heping was one of those who stayed.

Fu was 17 when she was dispatched to a village on the outskirts of Yan’an in 1969. “There was never enough food, but we worked long hours in the fields every day,” she said.

After a few years, she had gotten married and found that her affection for Yan’an had surpassed that for her home city of Beijing.

When her former schoolmates returned to Beijing in the mid-1970s, she was determined to stay. Under her parents’ pressure, she sent her two children, a son and a daughter, to stay with them in Beijing.

“Everytime I go back to Beijing on holiday, they keep pressing me to stay. But there’s always something in Yan’an from which I cannot detach myself. I know this is where my life belongs,” she said.

At 61, Fu is still working on the land where she toiled as a teenager. The formerly infertile land owned by the “people’s commune” is now a commercial farm that grows fruit, vegetables and grain.

LEGACY

The “educated youth,” who are typically over the age of 60 and lack any academic qualifications, are generally seen as a generation of “lost children” with a bleak future.

For four decades, their stories have been told in novels, TV shows and popular movies.

“I think there’s a reason for these stories to remain popular,” said Jin Yaqin, 63. “As a teenager, I left the comfort of city life and experienced poverty, hunger and fatigue for the first time.”

Today, however, Jin said her most vivid memories of those years are the friendships she created with her teammates and local villagers. “This is the most valuable legacy for me.”

Gao carefully preserves what he sees as a legacy of the 1960s for the “lost generation” and spends all of his pension income, about 36,000 yuan (5,862 U.S. dollars) a year, to run the exhibition.

Since the exhibition is free, Gao found that he had run into a deficit by the end of its first month.

“Rent takes up more than 20,000 yuan a year, and the rest of my income can barely cover the water and electricity costs,” said Gao. “But I think it will work out fine, as the operating costs are not very high anyway.”

Exhibitions and museums carrying similar themes exist in many other parts of China, including Shanghai and the northeastern provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning.

“The popularity of the ‘educated youth’ period does not just reflect nostalgia, it also implies a longing for faith, idealism and altruism, which are largely absent in today’s society,” said Zhang Yan, a researcher with the Shaanxi Provincial Academy of Social Sciences.

“The past era of poverty and hardship endowed the older generation with fortitude and forbearance and they stood firm against calamities,” she said. “Despite today’s material abundance, many people feel unhappy, perplexed and empty inside — that’s why they look back to take comfort in this spiritual legacy.”

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-05/14/c_132382093.htm