Archive for the Nepal Category

News Analysis: Nepal’s two Maoist parties to unify to regain political clout [Xinhua]

Posted in Nepal on May 26, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

KATHMANDU, May 17 (Xinhua) — Nepal’s two communist parties, the UCPN (Maoist) and CPN-Maoist, are making efforts to unify to regain their lost position in the national politics, top officials of both parties have said.

Top officials of both parties have been meeting during the last few days to highlight the importance of unification in a bid to have a bigger role in the ongoing constitution-drafting process.

Due to their split in 2012, the UCPN (Maoist) came out third in the Nov. 19, 2013 elections, while the CPN-Maoist, which boycotted the election, has practically been left out in national politics.

The UCPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal akin Prachanda has said that he is ready to hand over the leadership of the party to CPN-Maoist Chairman Mohan Baidya if it helps to unite the two parties. “Party leadership is not a big deal for me, the party has become weak so two parties should be united,” Prachanda said.

This is the first time that Prachanda has said that he is even ready to give up the post which he has been occupying for two decades now. The leaders said that with the continued disunity among the leaders of the two parties, there would be lesser chances for their communist agenda to be incorporated in Nepal’s new constitution…

Excerpted; article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/indepth/2014-05/17/c_133340733.htm

Elections in Nepal and Questions for People’s Struggles [Socialist Project / Globalresearch.ca]

Posted in Bourgeois parliamentary democracy, Nepal on December 27, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

by Noaman G. Ali

December 15, 2013

The recent elections in Nepal appear to spell a heavy retreat for the country’s Maoist movement. After initiating a People’s War in 1996 that lasted ten years and saw it in control of the majority of the countryside, the popular Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) formed a front with mainstream political parties to overthrow the monarchy and institute a democratic republic in the 2006 People’s Movement. Thereafter, the CPN (Maoist) emerged as the largest party in the 2008 Constituent Assembly (CA) elections.the National Youth People’s Volunteers (NYPV), youth wing of revolutionary Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist, marched in Kathmandu in late August, 2013, to protest the upcoming elections.

However, by November 19, 2013, the date of the second set of CA elections, the party had split into two factions that both appeared to have failed in their goals. On one hand, the reformist, electoral Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), or UCPN (Maoist), lost much of its support and was reduced to third-party status in the new assembly. On the other hand, the election boycott called by the revolutionary Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-Maoist) is alleged to have failed, seeing as there was a “record” turnout of voters (as we will see, the reality is more complex).

Meanwhile, the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist (UML), which despite its name does not pretend to have revolutionary or even broadly progressive politics, has come in second place after the Nepali Congress, whose politics is hard to tell apart from that of the UML. Their victory then seems like a gain for the right in Nepal.

– Understanding Politics in Nepal –

But putting elections at the centre of our analysis can take away from understanding politics in Nepal. Dramatic changes in Nepal’s recent political history have occurred as a result of non-electoral politics that have often been spearheaded by or have involved considerable popular communist agitation. What’s more, Maoists came third in the 1991 elections (with 9 seats) and boycotted elections in 1994 and 1999, but that didn’t stop them from becoming the country’s largest and most influential political force by 2006.

Let us then turn to understanding four questions: First, what led to one Maoist faction engaging in elections and the other deciding to boycott the CA process in its entirety? Second, what were the reasons for the boycott called by the CPN-Maoist? Third, why did UCPN (Maoist) lose the elections? Fourth, was the CPN-Maoist boycott a failure?…

Full article link: http://www.globalresearch.ca/elections-in-nepal-and-questions-for-peoples-struggles/5361646

China’s workers unhappy with jobs [Xinhua]

Posted in China, Employment, Laos, Nepal, Philippines, Vietnam on July 11, 2012 by Zuo Shou / 左手

by Wang Huazhong

BEIJING, July 10 (Xinhuanet) — Chinese workers are among the least likely in Asia to say their jobs are ideal, despite China having one of the region’s lowest unemployment rates, a report by an international research company has found.

A survey conducted by management consultancy Gallup Inc in 2011, the results of which were released last week, has found only 49 percent of Chinese workers think their job is the "ideal" one for them.

Compared with Chinese workers, only Vietnamese workers are less satisfied with their work, with a mere 48 percent saying they have the ideal job, putting them in last place for job satisfaction on a list of 22 Asian economies.

The survey found job expectation in China remains high, despite figures from the National Bureau of Statistics showing the unemployment rate in China’s urban areas in 2011 was 4.1 percent.

"These findings suggest that providing an adequate number of jobs in China alone is not enough to fulfill the career expectations of its workforce, or to sustain and grow a productive labor pool," said the report.

"This likely means that many Chinese workers will not be looking for just any job, but for a great job – one that offers a good workplace where they can use their unique talents," it said.

Concerns have been raised about the high expectations of Chinese job seekers, with several recent incidents highlighting the extreme pressures placed on well-educated students with master’s degrees or doctorates unable to find work.

In October 2009, a graduate student who had been unemployed for over a year jumped off a building of China West Normal University with his degree certificate in his arms. He died on the scene.

Du Hanqi, a psychologist with MindCare Counseling Service in Beijing, said job seekers’ views of value have changed as the market becomes increasingly competitive in the fast-growing economy…

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News Analysis: New political development to set track for constitution drafting in Nepal [Xinhua]

Posted in Nepal on May 23, 2012 by Zuo Shou / 左手

by Sweta Baniya

KATHMANDU, May 4 (Xinhua) — After much hurdles and ups and downs in the politics, the major political parties of Nepal on Thursday midnight have inked a deal so as to pave the way for the much awaited constitution drafting.

In the latest development, all the cabinet ministers who were led by the incumbent Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai have submitted their resignation thus to form a consensual government including the opposition parties under the incumbent PM Bhattarai’ s leadership.

The jumbo cabinet of 50 ministers was from United Communist Party of Nepal Maoists (UCPN-M) and United Democratic Madhesi Forum.

After series of deliberations held between government and the opposition parties for over weeks, the leaders have forged consensus to form a national coalition government which upholds the responsibility of drafting new constitution within next 24 days.

Accordingly, the new cabinet would be formed just after two days and all the issues will be sorted out in the next two days.

[…]Deal is such that after the promulgation of the new constitution, the incumbent PM Bhattarai would resign and pass the leadership to Nepali Congress to hold general election in the nation in one year.

The resignation and the deal among the major parties have provided optimism for all Nepalese that they would get a new constitution by the end of May. The deadline to draft the new constitution is May 27.

Nepal has been facing a lot of political challenges after the Constituent Assembly was formed in 2008.

This is the fourth government since 2008 and all three previous governments have failed to complete the major tasks of constitution drafting and peace process.

On August 28, 2011, Nepal elected its 35th Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai after a lot of obstacles in the Nepali parliament and misunderstandings between the leaders of the major parties.

The Bhattarai led-government had been of many expectations for the completion of the twin tasks of the nation — constitution drafting and the peace process which has shown optimism with the recent political developments.

Moreover, the peace process has turned to be positive with the evacuation of the former UCPN-Maoist combatans [sic] from the cantonments and the integration process ensued.

Earlier, the deal was just 6,500 Maoist combatants would be allowed to get integrated in the Nepal Army.

However, the situation has become ironic [sic] as the number of those opting for integration has declined to 3,129 which is more than half of the selected criteria. [I do not understand this sentence as it is written – Zuo Shou]

The Constituent Assembly (CA) which was formed with the notion of drafting the new constitution has not been able to present the first draft of the future constitution.

The CA term which had tenure of two years has been extended till fourth year has been striving hard to prepare the constitution.

The Supreme Court has given the verdict that there would be no any further extension of the Constituent Assembly.

Now, the Nepali lawmakers and leaders have a strict deadline of 24 more days for timely conclusion of the historical twin tasks of the nation.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2012-05/04/c_131568268.htm

Historical facts of imperialists’ plots to split Tibet from China [China Tibet Online]

Posted in India, Nepal, PLA, Russia, U.K. on May 20, 2012 by Zuo Shou / 左手

March 26, 2012

Since the Opium War Britain started in 1840, China had been gradually reduced to a semi-colonial, semi-feudal country. At the end of the 19th century imperialist forces set off [sic] mad spree to carve up China, and the British aggressors took the opportunity to invade Tibet.

British troops intruded into Tibet twice — in 1888 and 1903 — but failed due to the resistance of the Tibetan army and civilians. After their failure to turn Tibet into a colony through armed aggression, the imperialists started to foster pro-imperialist separatists in Tibet, plotted activities to separate Tibet from China and trumpeted “Tibet independence”.

On August 31, 1907 Britain and Russia signed the Convention between Great Britain and Russia on Tibet, changing, for the first time, China’s sovereignty over Tibet into “suzerainty” in an international document.

In 1913 the British government engineered the Simla Conference to instigate the Tibetan representative to raise the slogan of “Tibet independence” for the first time, which was immediately rejected by the representative of the Chinese government. The British representative then introduced the so-called “compromise” scheme, attempting to change China’s sovereignty over Tibet into “suzerainty” and separate Tibet from the authority of the Chinese government under the pretext of “autonomy”. These ill-intentioned attempts met with resolute opposition from the Chinese people and government.

In July 1914, upon instruction, the representative of the Chinese government refused to sign the Simla Convention, and made a statement saying that the government of China refused to recognize any such agreement or document. The Chinese government also sent a note to the British government, reiterating its position. Thereupon, the conference collapsed.

In 1942 the local government of Tibet, with the support of the British representative, suddenly announced the establishment of a “foreign affairs bureau”, and openly carried out “Tibet independence” activities. With opposition from the Chinese people and the national government, the local government of Tibet had no choice but to withdraw its decision.

In 1947 the British imperialists plotted behind the scenes to invite Tibetan representatives to attend the “Asian Relations Conference”, and even identified Tibet as an independent country on the map of Asia hung in the conference hall and in the array of national flags. The organizers were forced to rectify this after the Chinese delegation made a stern protest.

On July 8, 1949 the local government of Tibet issued an order to expel officials of the Tibet Office of the Commission for Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs on the excuse of “prohibiting Communists from staying in Tibet”. In November 1949 the local government of Tibet decided to dispatch a so-called “goodwill mission” to the United States, Britain, India, Nepal and some other countries to seek political and military support for “Tibet independence”, making it obvious that it was intensifying separatist activities.

Around the end of 1949 the American Lowell Thomas roamed Tibet in the guise of a “radio commentator” to explore the “possibility of aid that Washington could give Tibet”. He wrote in a US newspaper: “The United States is ready to recognize Tibet as an independent and free country”. In the first half of 1950 American weaponry was shipped into Tibet through Calcutta in order to help resist the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in its entry into Tibet.

Historical facts clearly demonstrate that the so-called “Tibet independence” was in fact cooked up by old and new imperialists, and was part of Western aggressors’ scheme to carve up the territory of China.

( Source from White Paper: Sixty Years since Peaceful Liberation of Tibet, by State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China)

From: China Tibet Online

Article link: http://chinatibet.people.com.cn/96069/7768478.html

Nepali PM tenders resignation to president [Xinhua]

Posted in Nepal on August 15, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

KATHMANDU, Aug. 14 (Xinhua) — Nepali Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal tendered his resignation to President Ram Baran Yadav after six months and 11 days of his election as the Prime Minister Sunday evening.

As per the constitutional provisions, the president asked him to bear the caretaker role till the Legislature-Parliament elects a new government.

The Communist Party Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist chairman, who was elected as Prime Minister on February 3 after a seven- month long impasse due to rounds of futile voting, quit after failing to make a remarkable progress on peace process.

He was under pressure from within his party and the main opposition Nepali Congress to quit as per the five-point agreement forged in May end while extending the Constituent Assembly tenure and, thereby, pave the way for the formation of national consensus government which it envisioned.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-08/14/c_131048767.htm

Int’l Women’s Day being marked in Nepal [Xinhua]

Posted in Nepal on March 8, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

KATHMANDU, March 8 (Xinhua) — International Women’s Day is being observed amid various activities on Tuesday across Nepal.

Some local organizations working for women such as National Women Commission (NWC) are organizing rallies and interaction programs, among other activities, across the country celebrating economic, political and social achievements of women Tuesday.

The government of Nepal has also declared Tuesday a public holiday for female to mark the International Women’s Day.

Article link here