Archive for the Jiang Zemin Category

Xi urges China to keep red [Xinhua]

Posted in China, CPC, CPC Central Committee (CPCCC), Hu Jintao, Jiang Zemin, Mao Zedong, Marx, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics on July 23, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

SHIJIAZHUANG, July 12 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping has urged the 85 million members of the Communist Party of China (CPC) to work hard and serve the people wholeheartedly to “ensure the color of red China will never change.”

Party members should improve their work styles to withstand tests the Party faces and ensure the CPC’s nature is not compromised, said Xi, who is also general secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

He was speaking during a two-day inspection tour of north China’s Hebei Province, which concluded on Friday.

During the trip, Xi visited Xibaipo, an old revolutionary base, where the CPC leadership were based from May 1948 to early 1949 to draw the blueprint of the new country and prepare for the CPC’s new role as the ruling party.

Late Chinese leader Mao Zedong’s remarks on Party members’ work styles prior to the founding of New China in 1949 still have far-reaching ideological and historical significance, he said.

At an important meeting of the CPC in March 1949, Mao called on the whole Party to resolutely carry forward the work style of displaying modesty and prudence while guarding against conceit and impetuosity, and resolutely carry forward the style of working hard and plain living.

Xi said the comments bear lessons learnt from thousands of years of Chinese history, a summary of the process of the CPC’s growth, and profound thoughts on keeping the Party’s advanced nature and purity as well as on maintaining the prolonged stability of an upcoming state power.

Xi said he had been to Xibaipo many times. “Each time, I came with a lot of respect and left with many thoughts.”

Calling China’s revolutionary history the “best nutrient,” Xi said studying and recalling such history can bring “positive energy” to Party members.

Previous Chinese top leaders Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao both visited Xibaipo shortly after they took office.

Xi’s visit symbolized the Party’s commitment to its traditions, said Prof. Wang Yukai, with the Chinese Academy of Governance.

Last December, Xi chose Guangdong, which served as the testing grounds for reform and opening-up policies more than 30 years ago, as the destination of his first inspection tour out of Beijing after taking the office of general secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

“The new leaders are learning from political wisdom and experiences of their predecessors,” Wang said.

Besides Xibaipo, also on Xi’s schedule was Zhengding County, where Xi had been Party chief in the early 1980s.

The President dropped in the house of a local farmer, visited a village community center and the provincial civil affairs department.

The Party’s performance at the grass-roots level matters very much, Xi said.

“If every CPC member and every grass-roots organ have a strong sense of responsibility and do a good job, the Party will be strong, the country will be strong and people will be strong. Thus, the Party’s rule will have a solid foundation,” he said.

The CPC leadership is unfurling a large-scale campaign against harmful work styles, aiming to improve Party-people relations.

At a meeting with provincial officials of Hebei, Xi asked the senior provincial officials to set the example in the campaign.

They should raise the bar higher, examine their own conduct and correct their problems with unselfishness and bravery, the president said.

Senior officials should show the people their courage and resolve to face up to their own problems and their willingness to take advice from the people as well as make actual moves, he said.

The people should be encouraged to take care of the cause of the CPC and be guided to exercise their duty of supervision, according to Xi.

While acknowledging the performance of Hebei, the President urged the province to focus on the quality and efficiency of its development, improve people’s well-being and protect the environment.

The country’s new leadership has sent out a clear signal that the key to the Party’s rule is to improve its capacity to rule and maintain its internal vitality, Prof. Wang said.

Article link, with photos: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-07/12/c_132536880.htm

Also see “Behind Xi Jinping’s call for a return to Marxism” [Workers World] — http://www.workers.org/2013/07/20/behind-xi-jinpings-call-for-a-return-to-marxism/

New Chinese leader denounces Gorbachev [Workers World]

Posted in China, CPC, CPC Central Committee (CPCCC), Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Lenin, Mao Zedong, Marx, Reform and opening up, Scientific Outlook on Development, USSR on March 14, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

by Fred Goldstein
March 11, 2013

…But Xi continues dangerous policy of market ‘economic reform’

The new head of the Chinese Communist Party and president of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping, is reported to have made a private speech to party leaders during a recent trip to southern China. In it, he denounced Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet leader who opened the door to the counterrevolution and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Xi reportedly pledged never to follow that road.

This speech, which has not been published in English, caused deep disappointment in imperialist circles. While it has been acknowledged in a front-page article of the New York Times and referred to in Businessweek and other capitalist publications, the ruling class is being relatively quiet about it, trying to remain optimistic about the prospects for deepening bourgeois political reform in China.

“Deepening political reform” is a code phrase for opening up the political process for bourgeois or petit-bourgeois political groupings, either outside or inside the Chinese Communist Party, that want to restore capitalism and break up the CCP. To the imperialists, gaining capitalist political power is even more important than market reforms, because it would lay the basis for destroying the foundations of the Chinese Revolution.

– Xi on collapse of USSR –

Reporting on Xi’s speech, the New York Times of Feb. 14 said: “Despite decades of heady growth, Mr. Xi told party insiders during a visit to Guangdong Province in December, China must still heed the ‘deeply profound’ lessons of the former Soviet Union, where political rot, ideological heresy and military disloyalty brought down the governing party. In a province famed for its frenetic capitalism, he demanded a return to traditional Leninist discipline.”

It quoted from a summary of his remarks reportedly circulated among party officials: “Why did the Soviet Union disintegrate? Why did the Soviet Communist Party collapse? An important reason was that their ideals and convictions wavered. …

“Finally, all it took was one quiet word from Gorbachev to declare the dissolution of the Soviet Communist Party, and a great party was gone.” Xi spoke of how some of the party leaders had Gorbachev arrested, but “Yeltsin stood on a tank” while the army stood by and did nothing to defend the party and the USSR.

The Times picked up the summary of the speech from a blog published by a counterrevolutionary, Gao Yu, who works with the German radio station Deutsche Welle. (Beijing Observation: Xi Jinping, posted by Yaxue Cao, Jan. 26)

Gao, who was twice imprisoned for supporting the pro-capitalist counterrevolutionary uprising at Tiananmen Square in 1989, has connections in China and published commentary and excerpts from the speech. According to the Times, the speech has been vetted by Chinese officials and others and is said to be authentic.

Gao quoted Xi as saying, “We must see clearly our place in history, see clearly the realistic goals as well as the long-term vision to which we are devoted. We are still in the early stage of socialism, and we must do whatever we can to realize the goals of the current stage. But if we lose sight of our vision as communists, we will lose our direction and succumb to utilitarianism and pragmatism. To uphold our ideals and beliefs, we must uphold Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong thoughts, Deng Xiaoping theory, the important contribution of the ‘three represents,’ and the Scientific Outlook on Development. The great renewal of the Chinese nation has been the greatest dream of the Chinese nation over the last couple of hundred years. The ‘China dream’ is an ideal. But of course, as communists, we should have a higher ideal, and that is, communism.”

Gao complained that Xi did not mention “political reform” once during his southern tour. This counterrevolutionary’s interpretation of the Xi speech was that it “was clearly intended to give the CCP ideology a renewed status,” meaning the official ideology of China, which is socialist, all the capitalist reforms notwithstanding.

The Times article mentioned that in one speech on the tour, Xi said that “Mao Zedong’s era of revolutionary socialism should not be dismissed as a failure.” The Times further pointed out that Xi has pledged to pursue “economic reform” but that “he won’t become a Gorbachev.”

We have no way of verifying the accuracy of the quotations and paraphrases from the speech. Nor can the revolutionary and progressive forces around the world, based on the workers and oppressed, get a true estimate of the relationship of forces in China between the right wing and the center, or what influence the left has. Furthermore, many details of the speech require critical examination.

– China and former USSR: similar problems –

But a few things are clear. There is enough pressure coming from the right to bring the hypothetical prospect of counterrevolution to the level of consciousness and discussion of the top leadership. A time of change in leadership, before the leaders get drawn into the all-consuming vortex of day-to-day responsibility for running the country, lends itself to trying to see China’s development within a broader perspective. It is in this context that Xi is going over in his mind the disastrous Soviet scenario in order to draw from it the lessons for China.

But it is dangerous for Xi to reduce the reasons for the collapse of the USSR to liberalism in politics, ideological deterioration, and the indifference and opportunism of the military.

Bourgeois forces — like those that were nurtured underground over many decades in the USSR in an atmosphere of bureaucratic privilege, got seduced by the material prowess of capitalism and were intimidated by relentless imperialist threats — are now operating completely above ground in China. Furthermore, while the proletariat was politically pushed out of the running of society in the USSR, the same can be said for the workers of China.

Being for “economic reform” as the route for developing China is to put the development of the productive forces above the development of socialist social relations. It means putting material accomplishment above class consciousness, class solidarity and the empowerment of the masses. This is precisely what present-day China has in common with the former USSR — despite the vast differences.

This is what led to Gorbachev. Only by putting an end to this orientation, begun by Deng Xiaoping after the defeat of the left, can the Chinese Revolution be revived and secured.

Article link: http://www.workers.org/2013/03/11/new-chinese-leader-denounces-gorbachev/

Articles copyright 1995-2013 Workers World. Verbatim copying and distribution is permitted in any medium without royalty provided this notice is preserved.

“China commemorates centenary of end to imperial rule” – 1911 Revolution, Sun Yat-sen praised [Xinhua]

Posted in Beijing, China, Hu Jintao, Jiang Zemin, Reunification, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, Taiwan on October 9, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, Oct. 9 (Xinhua) — China held a grand ceremony to commemorate the centennial anniversary of the 1911 Revolution, which terminated 2,000 years of imperial rule, on Sunday morning at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

The 1911 Revolution, or Xinhai Revolution, which began on Oct. 10, 1911 with an armed uprising, ended one of the longest autocratic rule in the world established by Emperor Qinshihuang in B.C.221 by toppling the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and resulting in a republican government, the first in Asia.

Chinese president Hu Jintao, former Chinese President Jiang Zemin and other leaders attended the ceremony. Hu gave a keynote speech.

Hu spoke highly of 1911 Revolution in his speech, saying the revolution “a thoroughly modern, national and democratic revolution” which had shook the world and ushered in unprecedented social changes in China.

Hu eulogized Dr. Sun Yat-sen [Sun Zhongshan], the leader of the revolution, as “a great national hero, a great patriot and a great leader of the Chinese democratic revolution”.

Hu said the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation must be achieved by adhering to socialism with Chinese characteristics, with patriotism, and by upholding peace, development and cooperation.

Further, Hu urged the mainland and Taiwan to work together for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and called for the peaceful reunification of China.

The 1911 Revolution not only rid Chinese men of humiliating ponytails and women of the excruciatingly painful foot-binding, but also removed the people’s blind faith in the emperor, as well as the fear of foreign powers. The event has since been emancipating people’s minds from thousands of years of oppression and self-enclosure.

Since then, the country began to march on the road to become an empowered modern nation.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-10/09/c_131180784.htm

Hu Jintao’s message to Fidel [Granma Internacional]

Posted in CPC Central Committee (CPCCC), Cuba, Deng Xiaoping, Fidel Castro, Havana, Hu Jintao, Jiang Zemin, Mao Zedong, Sino-Cuban friendship on April 28, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

Beijing, April 19, 2011

Havana

Esteemed Fidel Castro Ruz:

On the occasion of the closing of the 6th Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba, allow me to convey, in the name of the Communist Party of China’s Central Committee, and my own, our most sincere respect and cordial greetings.

The 6th Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba, held on the 50th anniversary of the proclamation of the socialist nature of the Cuban Revolution, has been a Congress worthy of its legacy and looking to the future.  Over the past 50 years, as founder and promoter of the Revolution and the development of Cuba, you, with no fear of foreign pressure, have led the Cuban people in protecting the sovereignty and dignity of the nation, persevering resolutely along the path to socialism, registering successes in the construction of socialism which have attracted the attention of everyone.  You have, therefore, garnered not only the respect and support of the Cuban people, but also the admiration of the world’s peoples.

You are an eminent revolutionary, theorist, strategist and statesman. 51 years ago during the gathering of more than a million Cubans in the Plaza de la Revolución in Havana, you decisively declared the establishment of diplomatic relations between Cuba and the People’s Republic of China, making Cuba the first country in Latin America to do so, opening a new era of Chinese-Cuban and Chinese-Latin American relations.  You have always been involved in the promotion of friendship between China and Cuba, following closely the progress of China’s development and offering fraternal help and support, making important contributions to the continuing development of friendship and cooperation between the two parties and countries.  It is with satisfaction that today we can confirm that the friendship between China and Cuba, initiated and cultivated jointly by the comrades Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, yourself, Raúl and other Party leaders, has established deep roots within the hearts of our people and has entered a new period of comprehensive development.

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Comradely 2011 Lunar New Year Greetings from Sweet & Sour Socialism! Happy Spring Festival, Happy Chinese New Year! 糖醋社会主义博客祝春节快乐!

Posted in China, Holidays in China, Jiang Zemin, Mao Zedong, Marx on February 2, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

Four treasures (1) The lucky star shines bright, 1988

Chinese New Year posters from Chineseposters.net

TO ALL MY READERS AND COMRADES ON THE YEAR OF THE RABBIT:

The New Year is here!

Wishing that all your enterprises, like Marxism, develop unceasingly;

that your charm, like the light of Mao Zedong Thought, shines in all directions; and

that your prosperity, like the "Three Represents" [of Jiang Zemin Thought], keeps pace with the times.

WISHING YOU A JOYFUL SPRING FESTIVAL!

[Translation of Chinese New Year mobile phone message by Zuo Shou 左手]

新年到了!祝事业像马克思主义不断发展,魅力似毛泽东思想光芒四射,金钱同三个代表与时俱进,祝春节快乐!

Four treasures (2) Glorious universe, 1988

CPC launches online database of Communist doctrines [People’s Daily]

Posted in CPC, Deng Xiaoping, Engels, Jiang Zemin, Lenin, Marx on July 8, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

The article indicates that the Chinese language site includes a wide variety of communist classics, from Marx/Engels to Lenin to Mao Zedong and more.  However, at this time the English site (see below for webaddress) only has major CPC documents from the past few years.  Anyone interested in credibly understanding Chinese politics must at least familiarize themself with the People’s Publishing House.-  左手

July 1, 2010

The Communist Party of China (CPC) on Wednesday launched an online database on Marxist theory by uploading the Party’s major political doctrines to an Internet website, an effort that analysts said is promoting its ideology through information technology.

Uploaded contents to www.ccpph.com.cn [English site:  http://www.ccpph.com.cn/EngLish/id/] include collected works in Chinese of Karl Marx, Frederick Engels, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, as well as former CPC leaders Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin.

All the works are available free of charge for Internet users to read, while visually impaired readers can listen to recorded voices reciting the content in Chinese.

The website also contains dozens of works explaining the doctrines, research of the communist party as well as the CPC’s important documents, files and speeches of General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Hu Jintao and other current leaders.

The database is sponsored by People’s Publishing House, copyright owner of those Chinese works and major publisher of translated works of foreign political figures in China.

Liu Binjie, Director of General Administration of Press and Publication, said that the official launch of these works on the Internet would expand the spread of Marxist theories.

The world has entered an era when information, digitalization and other new communication methods are booming, said Huang Shuyuan, president of the People’s Publishing House.

The more advanced and powerful communication methods a party uses, the more influential it will be, Huang said.

To help online readers find a classic Marxist reading, the database of the website provides a smart search function which finds the origin based on fractional words that readers input.

“It will greatly help researchers on Marxist doctrines like me, since many of those works could only be available in libraries,” said Professor Zhang Guangming with the School of International Relations of Peking University.

“We could search for information about Marxist works at any time in my reading room,” Zhang said.

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