Archive for the Heilongjiang Province Category

China unveils policies to revitalize northeast [Xinhua]

Posted in China, Economy, Employment, Heilongjiang Province, Housing, Jilin Province, Labor, Liaoning Province, Reform and opening up, State-owned Enterprise (SOE) on October 21, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) — The Chinese central government announced an action plan to assist the northeast region’s staggering economy with a list of new measures.

The plan aims to free up private businesses, deepen reforms of state-owned enterprises (SOEs), develop modern agriculture, renovate urban rundown areas and launch dozens of infrastructure projects in the provinces of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang, according to the new measures announced Tuesday.

The 35 new measures, listed in a document by the State Council on its website, came as the northeastern regions saw the slowest economic growth among China’s provincial areas during the first half of this year.

China will speed up the construction of eight rail lines and build or expand 10 regional airports in the region, the document said.

SOEs are encouraged to sell part of their equities to private and foreign investors to build a mixed ownership system and pay for the reforms.

A new state-owned regional investment company will be established to hasten the reorganization of poorly run SOEs in the region, the document said.

The central government will support emerging industries including robotics, gas turbines, advanced marine engineering equipment and integrated circuits, as well as expanding the service industry of the region.

For traditional sectors such as agriculture, the document said the northeast provinces’ status as a core grain production base will be strengthened. Grain storage and logistical facilities will be improved.

The central government will fund the building of affordable housing and grain logistics facilities, included in a 60-billion-yuan (9.7 billion U.S. dollars) new credit reserve for shanty town renovation by the China Development Bank.

The document also named a few power transmission projects, nuclear power plant projects and heating projects to be initiated as part of a clean energy network in the region.

Once China’s industrial base, the northeast provinces relied heavily on SOEs to drive local economy but they fell short of the national economic growth of 7.4 percent in the first half of the year, with Heilongjiang’s GDP ranking at the bottom with an increase of just 4.8 percent during the period.

Editor: Luan

Article link:


China museum amasses Japanese Unit 731 evidence [Xinhua]

Posted in China, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, Japan, Russia, USA, USSR, World War II on April 14, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

HARBIN, April 7 (Xinhua) — More than 6,300 items have been collected in a drive to find evidence of the activities of Japan’s notorious Unit 731 during World War II in the northeastern Chinese city of Harbin, said local authorities on Monday.

The Unit 731 Crimes Exhibition Hall in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, has gathered 1,740 new pieces of evidence in the nationwide efforts in the past two years, according to the exhibition hall.

Researchers expanded their search scope to all regions where the Unit 731 was active, adding to the amount and quality of the hall’s exhibits.

Unit 731 was a top-secret biological and chemical warfare research base established in Harbin in 1935, serving as the nerve center of Japan’s biological warfare in China and Southeast Asia during WWII.

The 6,300 items includes arms, ammunition, clothing, equipment and parts, implements, books, documents and chemical reagents.

These items represent the whole operation process of Unit 731 in research, experimentation, creation of biochemical weapons and germ warfare attacks, said the exhibition hall.

At least 3,000 people were killed in experiments on humans at Unit 731. Civilians and prisoners of war from China, the former Soviet Union, the Korean Peninsula and Mongolia all perished at the hands of the Japanese.

The retreating Japanese invaders blew up the base when the Soviet Union army took Harbin in 1945.

The exhibition hall receives more than 300,000 visitors, about 10 percent of whom are foreigners, each year.

A documentary entitled “731” started shooting in February. It will feature interviews with witnesses and academics and information from historical archives.

Shooting is due to take place in China, the United States, Russia and Japan, and the film is expected to be broadcast by the end of the year.

Editor: Yang Lina

“Xinhua Insight: Memorial for Korean who fought Japanese colonization” – Ahn Jung Geun, shooter of Hirobumi Ito, recognized in China’s Ha’erbin [Xinhua]

Posted in China, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, Japan, south Korea on January 21, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

HARBIN, Jan. 19 (Xinhua) — A memorial opened on Sunday in Harbin, capital of northeast China’s Heilongjiang Province, to commemorate a Korean patriot who killed a top Japanese official over a century ago.

Ahn Jung Geun shot dead Hirobumi Ito, who had served as the prime minister of Japan four times before becoming resident-general of Korea in 1905, at Harbin railway station on Oct. 26, 1909. He was arrested at the scene of shooting and secretly executed in March 1910 by Japanese forces.

Covering an area of more than 100 square meters, the memorial hall consists of exhibition rooms telling the story of Ahn’s life, and shows the exact spot where the shooting took place.

Ahn, born in 1879, devoted himself to the education of the Korean people and later joined armed resistance in northeast China and Russia.

After Japan forced the Korean Empire to sign a protectorate treaty in 1905, Ito became the de facto ruler of Korea.

“People have cherished the memory of Ahn for the past century. Today we erect a memorial to him and call on peace loving people around the world to unite, resist invasions and oppose war,” said Sun Yao, vice governor of Heilongjiang at the opening ceremony.

The Republic of Korean (ROK) President Park Geun-hye asked for China’s help in setting up a commemorative stone at Harbin train station in honor of Ahn during her visit to China last year, according to reports from Yonhap News Agency.

Harbin put an exhibition of Ahn’s life on regular display at a local museum in 2006. The exhibition has now moved to the memorial hall. Some of the items on display were collected from Hong Kong and overseas. Most of the things left behind by Ahn are in the hands of the Japanese, according to staff at the hall.

Harbin railway station was built in 1899. It will serve an estimated 10 million passengers during the Spring Festival, which begins on Jan. 31 this year.

The memorial hall offers free admission to the general public…

Full article link:

“US-Japanese Militarism and China’s Air-Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) over Disputed Islets. Pretext for Another Pacific War?” by Yoichi Shimatsu []

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, China, China-bashing, China-US relations, Diaoyu Islands, Encirclement of China, Fascism, Fasle flag, Fukushima nuclear plant, Heilongjiang Province, Japan, Liaoning Province, Nukes, Pentagon, Russia, Shenyang, Taiwan, US foreign occupation, US imperialism, USA, USA 21st Century Cold War on December 21, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

December 7, 2013

The White House refusal to recognize China’s new air-defense identification zone (ADIZ) is a knee-jerk reaction that reveals an astounding ignorance of historical, legal and geopolitical issues in Asia and the Pacific. The US-Japan Security Treaty, as a defense agreement to protect the Japanese homeland against foreign invasion, was never intended for settling boundary conflicts, as in the current cases of the Senkaku-Diaoyu islets dispute with China, the Tokishima-Tokdo tussle with South Korea and the Northern Territories-South Kurile claim against Russia…

…Japan has drawn its own ADIZ, modeling it after the 1945 airspace map drawn up by the U.S. occupation force. The Japanese claim includes not just those barren rocks but also a vast swath of far inside the continental shelf, which is claimed by China and South Korea. In 2011, Beijing and Seoul filed a joint position paper and complaint with the United Nations against Japanese encroachment across the continental shelf…

…More worrisome perhaps from the Chinese historical perspective is the potential for covert sabotage of one of Japan’s own passenger jets. A violent plane crash, blamed on Beijing, could rally international support for invoking the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty to launch a counterstrike against Beijing. Then [sic] notorious precedent for false-flag attacks was set in the 1931 Mukden Incident, when Imperial Army officers bombed the Japanese-owned South Manchurian Railroad (Mantetsu). The clandestine operation provided the pretext for an outright military invasion of northeast China. Soon after the plot was exposed in the world press, Japanese Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka, former head of the Mantetsu, led the 1933 walk-out from League of Nations, which marked the actual start of World War II.

The legacy of the Manchurian covert operation is also a major chapter in the family history of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, whose grandfather Nobusuke Kishi became the finance and economy minister of the puppet state of Manchukuo as a direct beneficiary of that false-flag attack. Inside Manchuria, Kishi sponsored the infamous bioweapons Unit 731, which launched mass-murder attacks on populous cities with bubonic plague and Hanta virus. Simultaneously, Kishi served as wartime head of the Munitions Ministry, which developed an atomic bomb program on Konan (Hungnam Island) in northern Korea and inside Fukushima Prefecture .

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is an unrepentant admirer of his grandfather Kishi, often quoting his forebear on the necessity of nuclear weapons for Japan. The naval standoff around the Senkaku-Diaoyu islets, as a provocation campaign, is connected with the continuing nuclear armaments program centered in Fukushima Prefecture, where the military ran uranium and thorium mines in the late 1930s, under a secret project codenamed BUND-1.

The pall of secrecy is being reinforced by the Liberal Democratic Party, which has just rammed through a state secrets law aimed at suppressing whistleblowers and journalists on grounds of national security in foreign affairs. While the Senkaku-Diaoyu clash serves as a news diversion from the massive radioactive releases from the destroyed Fukushima nuclear plant, the maritime conflict also serves as a rallying point for Abe’s calls for “nuclear capability”.

The postwar “peace” Constitution, forbidding Japan from war as an instrument of state policy, was drafted with assistance from Americans aiming to prevent a repeat of the wartime horrors. However, a by-now forgotten point that needs reminding is that the United States was a de facto ally of Japanese militarist aggression in Manchuria, where U.S. Army observers and railway engineers with the Harriman-owned Union Pacific Railway were stationed until just before the Pearl Harbor attack…

…The only winner in the islets dispute is the Chinese navy, which by now has overwhelming and unquestioning domestic support for naval modernization and fleet expansion. Tokyo’s confrontational attitude has resurrected painful memories of past atrocities and imperialist arrogance during the two modern wars against China. It is just a matter time before an aging and less agile Japan slips badly, and the Chinese forces move in – hopefully for no more than those tiny outcrops.

The strategic pivot policy promises only costly military spending and humiliating setbacks ahead. Japanese policymakers should accept a world court judgment, if only to prevent future losses of legitimate national territory, which is more vulnerable than any military strategist is ready to admit in public. The long-term interests of Japan and the US are better served by a maritime security treaty and resource partnership with China and Russia, not a self-defeating rivalry against these East Asian powers.

If a strategic retreat is not implemented sooner than later, the Senkaku-Diaoyu dispute could rapidly escalate into the last battle of the Pacific War and the first shots fired in World War III. Diplomacy, as the art of compromise, is needed more than ever to prevent the unthinkable.

Yoichi Shimatsu, a Hong Kong-based journalist, is former editor of the Japan Times Weekly in Tokyo.

Excerpted by Zuo Shou

Full article link:

China Focus: Private collector cherishes memory of Mao’s “educated youth” [Xinhua]

Posted in Beijing, China, Heilongjiang Province, Jilin Province, Liaoning Province, Mao Zedong, Shanghai on May 20, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

by Xinhua writers Cheng Lu, Zhou Yan and Jiang Chenrong

YAN’AN, May 14 (Xinhua) — Satchels and mugs with Chairman Mao’s portrait. Kerosene lanterns. Books, newspapers and magazines that are at least 40 years old.

The humble two-story building where Gao Mingliang houses his private collection of antiques was turned into an exhibition hall last month.

The free exhibition shows the history of Mao Zedong’s “educated youth,” or the estimated 12 to 18 million young urbanites who were sent off to the countryside during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976).

Most of the “educated youth” had received only a secondary school education. Some were still in middle school when they were swept up in the campaign.

They were, at Mao’s call for young urbanites to “go down to the countryside,” dispatched to inhospitable areas of rural provinces with ambitions to make the infertile land bloom.


But Gao Mingliang, 62, was not a member of the students-turned-farmers.

“I just worked with them on the farm and later in my office at the local cultural bureau,” Gao said at the museum in downtown Yan’an, a city in northwest China’s Shaanxi Province that served as Mao’s revolutionary base for 13 years before the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949.

A native of Yan’an, Gao said he felt sorry for the urban children from Beijing and Shanghai who fumbled with farm tools and struggled to adapt themselves to the tough climate, different diet and hard physical work.

“I witnessed the bitterness they suffered, as well as their courage and fortitude,” said Gao. “That part of history should not be forgotten.”

In 1979, when most of the sent-down youth had returned to their home cities, Gao began collecting the things they had left behind: photos, newspapers and magazines that covered the lives of the students-turned-farmers, as well as deserted stationery, farm tools and personal belongings.

After he retired from his job as a coordinator at Ganquan County’s cultural bureau last year, he began sorting out his collection for an exhibition.

When he traveled to other provinces, he would visit local curio markets to hunt for antiques related to the Cultural Revolution and the “educated youth.”

He also rummaged for old newspapers and documents in dustbins and carefully picked out pieces of information that he found valuable.

He visited more than 200 former “educated youth,” taking down their first-hand accounts of the old days and collecting whatever old objects they could provide.

When his exhibition was unveiled on April 13, he had put together more than 2,000 items to exhibit in the 200-square-meter hall.

The exhibition has received more than 2,000 visitors over the past month, including former “educated youth” from Beijing, Shanghai and other cities within Shaanxi Province.

Gao remembered one of the visitors sitting on a “kang,” the equivalent of a bed built of bricks and heated by fire, and crying. “He recounted the pain he suffered as a teenager, having to carry rocks, feed pigs and toil endlessly in the scorching sun.”

But at the end of his tearful visit, the man wiped his eyes and announced that he “couldn’t have been as strong and perseverant later in his life without that experience,” according to Gao.

While the majority of students-turned farmers returned to the city to attend college or secure a job, some of them chose to stay in the countryside permanently.

Fu Heping was one of those who stayed.

Fu was 17 when she was dispatched to a village on the outskirts of Yan’an in 1969. “There was never enough food, but we worked long hours in the fields every day,” she said.

After a few years, she had gotten married and found that her affection for Yan’an had surpassed that for her home city of Beijing.

When her former schoolmates returned to Beijing in the mid-1970s, she was determined to stay. Under her parents’ pressure, she sent her two children, a son and a daughter, to stay with them in Beijing.

“Everytime I go back to Beijing on holiday, they keep pressing me to stay. But there’s always something in Yan’an from which I cannot detach myself. I know this is where my life belongs,” she said.

At 61, Fu is still working on the land where she toiled as a teenager. The formerly infertile land owned by the “people’s commune” is now a commercial farm that grows fruit, vegetables and grain.


The “educated youth,” who are typically over the age of 60 and lack any academic qualifications, are generally seen as a generation of “lost children” with a bleak future.

For four decades, their stories have been told in novels, TV shows and popular movies.

“I think there’s a reason for these stories to remain popular,” said Jin Yaqin, 63. “As a teenager, I left the comfort of city life and experienced poverty, hunger and fatigue for the first time.”

Today, however, Jin said her most vivid memories of those years are the friendships she created with her teammates and local villagers. “This is the most valuable legacy for me.”

Gao carefully preserves what he sees as a legacy of the 1960s for the “lost generation” and spends all of his pension income, about 36,000 yuan (5,862 U.S. dollars) a year, to run the exhibition.

Since the exhibition is free, Gao found that he had run into a deficit by the end of its first month.

“Rent takes up more than 20,000 yuan a year, and the rest of my income can barely cover the water and electricity costs,” said Gao. “But I think it will work out fine, as the operating costs are not very high anyway.”

Exhibitions and museums carrying similar themes exist in many other parts of China, including Shanghai and the northeastern provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning.

“The popularity of the ‘educated youth’ period does not just reflect nostalgia, it also implies a longing for faith, idealism and altruism, which are largely absent in today’s society,” said Zhang Yan, a researcher with the Shaanxi Provincial Academy of Social Sciences.

“The past era of poverty and hardship endowed the older generation with fortitude and forbearance and they stood firm against calamities,” she said. “Despite today’s material abundance, many people feel unhappy, perplexed and empty inside — that’s why they look back to take comfort in this spiritual legacy.”

Article link:

Sirens wail in NE China to mark historical 9.18 incident [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, Japan, Jilin Province, Liaoning Province, Shenyang on September 19, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

HENYANG, Sept. 18 (Xinhua) — Sirens wailed Sunday morning in cities in northeast China’s Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces to observe the 80th anniversary of Japan’s invasion.

Sirens began wailing at 9:18 a.m. and lasted for three minutes in Shenyang, capital city of Liaoning Province, while more than 1,000 people from the central and local governments, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and all walks of life gathered as part of the routine activities.

In Harbin, capital city of Heilongjiang Province, sirens wailed 10 minutes starting from 9 a.m. to remind people of the Japanese invasion into China’s northeastern region 80 years ago.

On Sept. 18, 1931, Japanese forces attacked the barracks of Chinese troops in Shenyang. The move marked the beginning of the Japanese invasion and occupation that lasted 14 years.

Article link:

Kim Jong Il Passes through Heilongjiang Province, China [Korean Central News Agency – KCNA]

Posted in China, CPC, CPC Central Committee (CPCCC), DPR Korea, Heilongjiang Province, Hu Jintao, Kim Jong Il, Korean Central News Agency of DPRK, Sino-Korean Friendship, Workers Party of Korea WPK on August 27, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

Pyongyang, August 26 (KCNA) — Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea and chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, on August 26 passed through Heilongjiang Province, the People’s Republic of China.

He arrived in Qiqihar City, Heilongjiang Province this morning.

When the train pulled in Qiqihar Railway Station, he was warmly greeted by Ji Bingxuan, secretary of the Heilongjiang Provincial Party Committee, Wang Xiankui, governor of Heilongjiang Province, the secretary of the Qiqihar City Party Committee, the mayor of Qiqihar City and other senior party and government officials of the province and the city.

He was accompanied by [lengthy list of official Chinese personages omitted]…

…Ji Bingxuan said it is great honor and pride to welcome to their place Kim Jong Il on a long foreign tour for friendship among countries and warmly welcomed him on behalf of the party, the government and the people of Heilongjiang Province.

This day Kim Jong Il on a visit to Northeast China was kindly greeted by Dai Bingguo, state councilor of China who came to Heilongjiang Province upon the special authorization of General Secretary Hu Jintao and the Central Committee of the CPC.

He exchanged warm greetings with Dai Bingguo and had a talk with him.

Dai Bingguo said that Northeast China receiving Kim Jong Il again after the lapse of three months is now wrapped in a festive atmosphere. He offered warm welcome to Kim Jong Il on behalf of General Secretary Hu Jintao, the collective leadership of the CPC and all the Chinese people.

Dai Bingguo said the appreciation made by Kim Jong Il of the socialist modernization drive in China while traveling Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang Province constitutes great encouragement and support to the Chinese people advancing under the leadership of the CPC, adding that the party, government and people of China would join the Korean comrades in striving hard to boost the traditional Sino-DPRK friendship.

Dai Bingguo hosted a banquet at the Sianhe State Guesthouse in Qiqihar City in honor of Kim Jong Il visiting Northeast China.

Kim Jong Il learned about the economic development in the province, visiting various enterprises and construction projects in Qiqihar City and Daqing City of the province this day.

He was accompanied by…central, provincial and city party and government leading officials.

Kim Jong Il visited the Qiqihar Machine Tool Group Co. No. 2 and the Qiqihar Branch Company of the Mengniu Dairy.

He also visited the urban planning exhibition hall in Daqing City and was briefed on the urban construction and long-term plan. Then he went round the housing construction district, a large bridge, Lake Liming Bridge now under construction and other places in the province.

The provincial party committee gave a banquet at the Daqing State Guesthouse No. 9 this evening in honor of Kim Jong Il visiting the province.

He was present at the banquet on invitation.

Ji Bingxuan said that the historic visit paid by Kim Jong Il to Heilongjiang Province again after the lapse of the three months is a striking demonstration of the Sino-DPRK friendship growing stronger day by day, adding that the provincial party, government and people would join the Korean people in playing a greater role in inheriting and developing the Sino-DPRK friendship generation after generation.

A special performance was given in welcome of Kim Jong Il.

The performance was given by well-known national art troupes and artistes in the region including the national music band and dancing troupe of the Music and Dance Theatre of Heilongjiang Province.

Their repertoire included male solo “Song of Boats on the River Wusuli “, dance “Blessing”, instrumental music duet “Celebration” and Korean songs “We Spread Flower Seeds of Revolution”…

Kim Jong Il conveyed a floral basket to the artistes in congratulation of their successful performance.

He was presented with a gift by the provincial party and people’s government this day in welcome of him visiting the province.

He expressed thanks for the warm reception and cordial hospitality accorded to him by the party, government and people of Heilongjiang Province. He hoped the people of the province would achieve a fresh victory in their struggle for the prosperity and development of the country under the leadership of the CPC.

Kim Jong Il departed for the next destination this day amid the warm send-off by Dai Bingguo and senior officials of the province.

Edited by Zuo Shou

KCNA English homepage: