Archive for the Scientific Outlook on Development Category

New Chinese leader denounces Gorbachev [Workers World]

Posted in China, CPC, CPC Central Committee (CPCCC), Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Lenin, Mao Zedong, Marx, Reform and opening up, Scientific Outlook on Development, USSR on March 14, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

by Fred Goldstein
March 11, 2013

…But Xi continues dangerous policy of market ‘economic reform’

The new head of the Chinese Communist Party and president of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping, is reported to have made a private speech to party leaders during a recent trip to southern China. In it, he denounced Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet leader who opened the door to the counterrevolution and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Xi reportedly pledged never to follow that road.

This speech, which has not been published in English, caused deep disappointment in imperialist circles. While it has been acknowledged in a front-page article of the New York Times and referred to in Businessweek and other capitalist publications, the ruling class is being relatively quiet about it, trying to remain optimistic about the prospects for deepening bourgeois political reform in China.

“Deepening political reform” is a code phrase for opening up the political process for bourgeois or petit-bourgeois political groupings, either outside or inside the Chinese Communist Party, that want to restore capitalism and break up the CCP. To the imperialists, gaining capitalist political power is even more important than market reforms, because it would lay the basis for destroying the foundations of the Chinese Revolution.

– Xi on collapse of USSR –

Reporting on Xi’s speech, the New York Times of Feb. 14 said: “Despite decades of heady growth, Mr. Xi told party insiders during a visit to Guangdong Province in December, China must still heed the ‘deeply profound’ lessons of the former Soviet Union, where political rot, ideological heresy and military disloyalty brought down the governing party. In a province famed for its frenetic capitalism, he demanded a return to traditional Leninist discipline.”

It quoted from a summary of his remarks reportedly circulated among party officials: “Why did the Soviet Union disintegrate? Why did the Soviet Communist Party collapse? An important reason was that their ideals and convictions wavered. …

“Finally, all it took was one quiet word from Gorbachev to declare the dissolution of the Soviet Communist Party, and a great party was gone.” Xi spoke of how some of the party leaders had Gorbachev arrested, but “Yeltsin stood on a tank” while the army stood by and did nothing to defend the party and the USSR.

The Times picked up the summary of the speech from a blog published by a counterrevolutionary, Gao Yu, who works with the German radio station Deutsche Welle. (Beijing Observation: Xi Jinping, posted by Yaxue Cao, Jan. 26)

Gao, who was twice imprisoned for supporting the pro-capitalist counterrevolutionary uprising at Tiananmen Square in 1989, has connections in China and published commentary and excerpts from the speech. According to the Times, the speech has been vetted by Chinese officials and others and is said to be authentic.

Gao quoted Xi as saying, “We must see clearly our place in history, see clearly the realistic goals as well as the long-term vision to which we are devoted. We are still in the early stage of socialism, and we must do whatever we can to realize the goals of the current stage. But if we lose sight of our vision as communists, we will lose our direction and succumb to utilitarianism and pragmatism. To uphold our ideals and beliefs, we must uphold Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong thoughts, Deng Xiaoping theory, the important contribution of the ‘three represents,’ and the Scientific Outlook on Development. The great renewal of the Chinese nation has been the greatest dream of the Chinese nation over the last couple of hundred years. The ‘China dream’ is an ideal. But of course, as communists, we should have a higher ideal, and that is, communism.”

Gao complained that Xi did not mention “political reform” once during his southern tour. This counterrevolutionary’s interpretation of the Xi speech was that it “was clearly intended to give the CCP ideology a renewed status,” meaning the official ideology of China, which is socialist, all the capitalist reforms notwithstanding.

The Times article mentioned that in one speech on the tour, Xi said that “Mao Zedong’s era of revolutionary socialism should not be dismissed as a failure.” The Times further pointed out that Xi has pledged to pursue “economic reform” but that “he won’t become a Gorbachev.”

We have no way of verifying the accuracy of the quotations and paraphrases from the speech. Nor can the revolutionary and progressive forces around the world, based on the workers and oppressed, get a true estimate of the relationship of forces in China between the right wing and the center, or what influence the left has. Furthermore, many details of the speech require critical examination.

– China and former USSR: similar problems –

But a few things are clear. There is enough pressure coming from the right to bring the hypothetical prospect of counterrevolution to the level of consciousness and discussion of the top leadership. A time of change in leadership, before the leaders get drawn into the all-consuming vortex of day-to-day responsibility for running the country, lends itself to trying to see China’s development within a broader perspective. It is in this context that Xi is going over in his mind the disastrous Soviet scenario in order to draw from it the lessons for China.

But it is dangerous for Xi to reduce the reasons for the collapse of the USSR to liberalism in politics, ideological deterioration, and the indifference and opportunism of the military.

Bourgeois forces — like those that were nurtured underground over many decades in the USSR in an atmosphere of bureaucratic privilege, got seduced by the material prowess of capitalism and were intimidated by relentless imperialist threats — are now operating completely above ground in China. Furthermore, while the proletariat was politically pushed out of the running of society in the USSR, the same can be said for the workers of China.

Being for “economic reform” as the route for developing China is to put the development of the productive forces above the development of socialist social relations. It means putting material accomplishment above class consciousness, class solidarity and the empowerment of the masses. This is precisely what present-day China has in common with the former USSR — despite the vast differences.

This is what led to Gorbachev. Only by putting an end to this orientation, begun by Deng Xiaoping after the defeat of the left, can the Chinese Revolution be revived and secured.

Article link: http://www.workers.org/2013/03/11/new-chinese-leader-denounces-gorbachev/

Articles copyright 1995-2013 Workers World. Verbatim copying and distribution is permitted in any medium without royalty provided this notice is preserved.

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Full Text: Work report of NPC Standing Committee [Xinhua / People’ s Daily]

Posted in China, CPC, CPC Central Committee (CPCCC), Deng Xiaoping, Economy, Environmental protection, Reform and opening up, Scientific Outlook on Development on March 20, 2012 by Zuo Shou / 左手

March 18, 2012

BEIJING, March 18 (Xinhua) — Following is the full text of the Report on the Work of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), which was delivered by Chairman Wu Bangguo of the NPC Standing Committee on March 9, 2012 for review at the Fifth Session of the 11th NPC and adopted on March 14, 2012:

REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE’S CONGRESS

Delivered at the Fifth Session of the Eleventh National People’s Congress on March 9, 2012

Wu Bangguo

Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress

Fellow Deputies,

On behalf of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), I now present this report on its work for your deliberation and approval.

Major Work of the Past Year

In 2011, China faced a complex and volatile situation abroad, and arduous and difficult tasks of reform, development, and stability at home. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), with Comrade Hu Jintao as General Secretary, united with and led the people of all China’s ethnic groups in working with one heart and one mind, advancing determinedly, and comprehensively promoting socialist economic development, political, cultural and social progress, and ecological awareness. New achievements were made in all of our work, and the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period got off to a good start.

Over the past year, the NPC Standing Committee took Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents as its guide; thoroughly applied the Scientific Outlook on Development; steadfastly integrated the leadership of the Party, the position of the people as masters of the country, and the rule of law; and performed its functions and powers and carried out its work in accordance with the guiding principles of the Fourth Session of the Eleventh NPC and based on the overall work of the Party and the country. Over the past year, the Standing Committee deliberated 24 bills, legal interpretations and draft decisions on legal issues, passed 14 of them, and has presented 4 of them to this session for your deliberation and approval. It listened to and deliberated 14 work reports by the State Council, the Supreme People’s Court, and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate; investigated implementation of 4 laws; ratified 4 treaties and accords China concluded with foreign countries and its accession to one international convention; made decisions on and approved the appointment or removal of a number of employees in state bodies; and made an important contribution to upholding and improving the system of people’s congresses and carrying out reform, opening up, and socialist modernization…

Full article link: http://english.people.com.cn/90785/7761461.html

PLA Daily editorial calls on army to follow guideline put forward by Hu Jintao – China celebrates “Army Day”, 84th anniversary of PLA founding, 2011 August 1 [Xinhua]

Posted in China, CPC, Hu Jintao, PLA, Scientific Outlook on Development on August 2, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, Aug. 1 (Xinhua) — The PLA Daily, the official newspaper of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), called upon the army to follow the guideline put forward by President Hu Jintao in an editorial written for the 84th anniversary of the founding of the PLA that fell on Monday.

Hu, also chairman of the Central Military Commission, said in his speech regarding the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC) that “the scientific development of national defense and the army should be the general guideline to follow, and priority should be given to accelerating change in the way of raising troops’ combat effectiveness.”

The PLA Daily editorial called upon PLA officers and soldiers to practice this “major strategic thinking,” and to promote the development of national defense and the army under its guidance.

The editorial elaborated that the key to the PLA’s growth from weak to strong, and its journey from one victory to another, is that it revered the Party’s leadership, and thus maintains great cohesion and battling capacity.

Further, the paper called upon PLA officers and soldiers to enhance risk awareness and to be mindful of their mission, as the international military competition becomes increasingly fierce, and modern wars are fast evolving from mechanical wars to information-based ones.

Additionally, the commentary laid out tasks for the PLA.

It’s important to adhere to the fundamental principle of the Party exercising absolute leadership over the army, and to boost Party building within the army.

It is important to expand and intensify military preparedness and to conduct military exercises with IT applications and raise independent defense- and weaponry-related R&D capabilities.

“We should speed up all-around development of modern logistics and the training of a new type of high-caliber military personnel, and promote reform of national defense and the army in an active yet prudent manner,” said the editorial.

The army must be run strictly and in accordance with the law. It’s imperative to strengthen and develop unity between the army and the people, according to the editorial.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-08/01/c_131022846.htm

CPC’s laudable helmsmanship – Commentary [China Daily]

Posted in Anti-communism, China, Corruption, CPC, Economy, Income gap, Scientific Outlook on Development, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, USSR on July 2, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

July 1, 2011

The bloody decimation of the “Shanghai massacre of 1927” by Kuomintang reactionaries nearly strangled it in the cradle;

The ensuing “white terror” and smothering enemy sieges brewed suspicion in its own ranks over how long it would be able to “keep the red flag flying”;

No sooner had it secured State power in 1949 than isolation and blockades by ideological foes on the other side of the “iron curtain” raised doubt about it sustaining the newborn People’s Republic;

The collapse of communist parties in the former Soviet block [sic] prompted prophecies about its demise – 20 years ago;

Yet the Communist Party of China (CPC) is still securely, assuredly and adroitly behind the helm of the country with the trust of 1.3 billion people, still brimming with youthful vigor.

The color red may offend some eyes. The adjective “communist” may invoke fear and hysteria in some minds. The “red songs” expressing appreciation of and gratitude to the Party may grate on some ears.

But there is one simple truth about the present-day Chinese political landscape that cannot be denied – the CPC’s leadership remains firmly at the heart of the nation’s achievements.

For the average Chinese, what matters now is not whether the CPC should continue to command the center stage. It is how it can deliver better governance, and provide more sophisticated and enlightened leadership in the nation’s pursuit of harmony and further prosperity.

There have been less than “great, glorious, and correct” episodes in the CPC’s 90-year history, the most recent being the chaos and devastation of the “cultural revolution” (1966-1976), at the end of which the State apparatus was dysfunctional and the economy was in extreme difficulties.

But the CPC is what and where it is because of its ability to learn the lessons of the past and to advance with the times. And the Chinese people treasure that. They are grateful to the CPC for what it has delivered, and full of optimism about what it will bring in the future.

From the socialist market economy to socialism with Chinese characteristics, the people-first governance philosophy, scientific outlook on development, as well as the ideal of a harmonious society, the CPC has been continually learning and growing, improving the lives of the people and winning the hearts of new generations.

Never before have the Chinese people experienced such rapid improvements in their standard of living and in the nation’s comprehensive strength and international prestige. Never before have the Chinese people been so free to decide where and how to work and live. Never before have they been so proud of China on the world stage. And they know all the good tidings are in one way or another attributable to the CPC’s fine helmsmanship.

Ask anyone on the street why he or she is by and large comfortable with the country’s political status quo, and one will hear words of praise for the disaster relief during the 1998 floods and the earthquakes in Wenchuan and Yushu, or for the country’s remarkable performance in weathering the last two international financial meltdowns. This is how ordinary Chinese people gauge the competence of their leadership.

That was why in a recent Ministry of Education poll almost 90 percent of college students were optimistic the CPC would become an even better leader, and why nearly 80 percent wanted to join it.

But the Party is not taking that for granted or resting on its laurels. Early in 2004 the Fourth Plenary Session of the 16th CPC National Congress stated: “The Party’s governing status is not inherent, nor does it hold good for all time.” The Party’s keen awareness of the imperative to continually improve is obvious in its definition of the present as a “stage when contradictions present themselves” and its latest call to enhance “social administration”.

Over its 90 years the CPC has grown from an underground organization with only a few dozen under its banner into a 80-million strong party thanks in part to its ability to adapt and respond to the changing needs of the time. The Party’s current efforts to create a fairer society are inspiring a more responsive interface with the public and improving the self-discipline of officials. Narrowing wealth gaps and curtailing corruption will entail a strong will and perseverance. The “inclusive growth” the CPC is striving for will be an achievement worth celebrating.

No matter how unwilling some might be to see it, people in China are confident that the CPC will lead them to an even brighter future.

Article link: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2011-07/01/content_12813543.htm

Sinicize Marxism for Chinese socialism: Xi [China Daily]

Posted in China, CPC, CPC Central Committee (CPCCC), Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong, Mao Zedong, Marx, Reform and opening up, Scientific Outlook on Development, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics on June 20, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

June 20, 2011

BEIJING – Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping on Monday called for efforts to push forward the sinicization of Marxism while sticking to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The Communist Party of China (CPC), guided by scientific theory, has combined adherence to the basic tenets of Marxism with adaptation to Chinese circumstances in revolution, construction and reform. It has pushed forward the sinicization of Marxism to ensure the Party’s guiding ideology and basic theory advance with the times, Xi said.

It’s the primary reason the CPC has grown and expanded over the past 90 years and led the people to notable achievements, said the vice president, who is also a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau.

The sinicization of Marxism generates two major theoretical results, which are the philosophy of Mao Zedong and the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, including Deng Xiaoping’s Theory, the Three Represents and the Scientific Outlook on Development, Xi said.

In order to push forward the sinicization of Marxism, the Party shall take a scientific attitude toward Marxism and properly handle the dialectical unity of adherence and development, Xi said.

CPC members shall maintain the lofty aims of communism in mind, focus on what they are doing, and value the practices and creations of the people, he said.

Party members shall keep a close eye on changes in the world with broad vision and learn from all the achievements of civilization, while equipping themselves with the theoretical innovations.

Xi made the remarks at a national forum on party building in Beijing.

Article link: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011-06/20/content_12737838.htm

China Focus: China, DPRK seek stronger bonds as Kim Jong Il visits – Dear Leader Comrade’s unofficial trip to China, 2011 May 20-26 [Xinhua]

Posted in Beijing, China, CPC, Disarmament, DPR Korea, Heilongjiang Province, Hu Jintao, Jilin Province, Kim Jong Il, Nukes, Reform and opening up, Scientific Outlook on Development, Sino-Korean Friendship, Workers Party of Korea WPK on May 27, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, May 26 (Xinhua) — Top leaders of China and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) pledged to seek stronger bilateral ties and pass on their traditional friendship to the next generation when Kim Jong Il visited China for the third time in the past year.

Kim paid an unofficial visit to China from May 20 to 26 at the invitation of Hu Jintao, general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and China’s president.

The visit, Kim’s third since May 2010 and the seventh since the dawn of the 21st century, brought him to the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Jiangsu before his talks with Hu in Beijing.

PASSING ON A CLOSE FRIENDSHIP

In their talks, Hu extended a warm welcome to Kim on behalf of the CPC, the Chinese government and the Chinese people, saying that the visit fully reflects the great attention Kim and the WPK Central Committee has paid to consolidating and developing the China-DPRK relationship and will definitely boost bilateral relations to a higher level.

In regards to DPRK-China ties, Kim has repeatedly stressed that the younger generation should continue the DPRK-China friendship, Hu said.

Hu stressed that the CPC and the Chinese government have always dealt with China-DPRK ties from a strategic and long-term perspective.

The Chinese side has firmly adhered to the spirit of carrying forward traditions, embracing the future, maintaining a neighborly friendship and strengthening cooperation with the DPRK, and has unswervingly observed the principle of consolidating and developing China-DPRK relations, Hu said.

Hu said China will work with the DPRK to boost the continuous growth of their bilateral cooperative relationship and promote regional peace, stability and prosperity. Hu made five proposals concerning bilateral ties during their talks:

— Step up high-level visits and deepen the China-DPRK friendship. Hu said that he welcomes DPRK leaders to visit China.

— Make more efforts to share experiences in party-building and state governance and promote economic and social development.

— Improve mutually beneficial cooperation to benefit people of both countries.

— Deepen exchanges in culture, education and sports, particularly exchanges between young people, in order to pass on the China-DPRK friendship from generation to generation.

— Increase communication and maintain coordination on international and regional situations as well as crucial issues, and jointly safeguard regional peace and stability.

Kim hailed the friendship between the two countries, saying that it is a historic mission for both countries to pass on their friendship from generation to generation.

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the signing of the DPRK-China Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance. The treaty is significant, as it is an important piece of heritage from the elder generation of leaders from both nations, Kim said.

Kim invited Hu to visit the DPRK, which Hu accepted with pleasure.

[Highlights of article:]

…RESUMPTION OF NUCLEAR TALKS…

…FOCUS ON PEOPLE’S LIVES…

…IMPROVE WIN-WIN COOPERATION…

…TOURS TO FACTORIES, FARMS, STORES AND HOUSEHOLDS

Kim visited the municipality of Beijing and the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Jiangsu during his week-long China tour.

He paid visits to projects related to industrial production, agriculture, technological development and trade. Kim also spoke with the families of farmers, visited assembly lines for sedans and heavy-duty trucks, dropped by IT and electronics companies and paid a visit to China’s Smart Grid Demonstration Center.

Kim was also briefed about China’s research and development of high-tech products.

He said he has witnessed China’s progress in the fields of economic development, social construction, technology and culture.

Kim said the CPC’s reform and opening-up policy has been proven correct, and that its path of scientific development is full of vigor. The DPRK people have been encouraged by China’s achievements and hope that the Chinese people will make greater progress in the implementation of the 12th Five-year Plan (2011-2015) for National Economic and Social Development, Kim said.

Edited by Zuo Shou

Full article here: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/indepth/2011-05/26/c_13895920.htm

People’s Daily: China’s concepts enrich the world [People’s Daily]

Posted in BRICS - Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa, China, CPC, Economy, Hu Jintao, Scientific Outlook on Development, south Korea on May 8, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

April 25, 2011

“The 21st century should be marked by peace, harmony, cooperation and scientific development.”  The impressive Sanya Declaration not only solidifies common senses of BRICS countries together, but also brings “scientific development” into international files and becomes common sense and goal of more and more countries.

The concept of “harmony” goes into the world from China, too.  In September of 2005, China’s President Hu Jintao explained “Establishing Long Lasting Peace,” “Co-prosperity” and “Harmonious World” comprehensively in UN’s 60th anniversary leader meeting.

And now, the “Harmonious World” has already become a high-frequency phrase in international occasions and leaders’ mouths. Foreign media said the concept of “Harmonious World” cut the distance between China and the world.

As the biggest developing country, China always takes development as its priority.  Now, China enters the key period of modernization, and it faces with tremendous pressures and challenges since it is impossible to re-march the traditional industrialization road like western countries ever did. Continue reading