Archive for the Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee Category

China to launch large-scale public selections of leading officials [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, CPC, Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee, Jilin Province, Reform and opening up, Xinjiang on December 11, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

December 5, 2010

The Municipal Party School in Suzhou City, south China’s Jiangsu Province, received a special group of “students” Friday morning for a class on current economic development and future trend.

The 46 “students,” all freshly-appointed officials of deputy departmental level or departmental level from northeast China’s Jilin Province, would soon return home to take office after a two-day visit to local renowned enterprises.

They were survivors of one of the nation’s public selection campaigns for leading officials this year.

In China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, meanwhile, the fiercest-ever competition just entered its final phase. Out of 1134 candidates, only 103 contenders were left after the primary selection – using written exams and interviews, to head for the final 34 departmental level posts.

The selection campaigns starting throughout the nation this year were unprecedented in scale and in the number of posts offered, with nearly 400 above deputy departmental level positions open to the public in provinces of Beijing, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Hunan, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Jiangxi, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Hainan, Guizhou, Jilin, Shandong and Xinjiang.

The move displayed the advantage of the public selection system for leading cadres (PSSLC), said Zhuang Yan, deputy head of the provincial Organization Department in Jilin.

He said the open selection created a stage for those competent persons, compared with the traditional way to appoint mid-to-top officials only by orders.

The province had broken down the identity restrictions by holding out an olive branch to managers from large enterprises, listed companies and financial institutes, as well as so-called “sea turtles,” Chinese returnees from overseas.

This sent 1,889 candidates from all parts of China, except Hong Kong, Macao and Tibetan Autonomous Region, to the province’s written tests.

“It is unimaginable in the past. Anyone eligible for the registration requirements can attend the departmental level selection exams,” said 40-year-old Shen Desheng, a former municipal taxation bureau head and now the newly-appointed deputy head of the provincial taxation bureau in Jilin.

As he recalled from how he applied for the position on 26 June to the day he was informed of information publicity on 9 November, a final step to solicit public opinions before admission, Shen said “it was very intense with 37.8 persons fighting for one position during the written test and two for one in the final stage.”

However, this selection system, seen as more fair and just, is now widely pursued by China’s local personnel reforms.

Zhejiang, in southern China, introduced live TV broadcasts to involve public participation, in addition to the sole evaluation by leaders and experts, while east China’s Shandong made an effort to promote the method of “democratic nomination, multi-candidate elections and whole-course supervision.”

Dai Guohong, now deputy head of Jiangsu’s Changshu Institute of Technology, used to work in Changzhou City for 22 years. When he applied for the position, he was not as confident since some his superiors were among the 50 contenders.

When he finally won the intense competition, he found the selection was rather open and transparent, and sought to offer each position to the right person.

“The whole process was covered by the media, even when the provincial Party’s standing committee voted for the final,” said Shen, who won the “double champion” based upon written exams and probation [sic].

“All my colleagues applauded for me on the day I was posted for the information publicity. I was greatly encouraged and felt so confident for the future job,” he added.

Yang Xuezhong, head of the Organization Department at the Baixia District Committee in Jiangsu’s Nanjing City, commented that the openness and transparency of the whole process was exactly the strength of open selections.

“It not only grants credibility to the selection, but also increases the public participation in political decisions,” he said.

Meanwhile, youthful, highly-educated and high-quality participants were featured in the country’s public selections of mid-to-top cadres.

Among the 30 candidates for deputy departmental level posts to be assumed in Jiangsu, 24 had master degrees, 18 had senior professional titles, and half were under 45 years old, while of the 38 candidates for Beijing’s offer, 13 had Ph.D degrees, half with master degrees, and the average age was 41.2 years.

The 12th five-year plan outlined by the 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), urged the country to further reform its personnel system, which was also echoed by the nation’s experts.

They believed that open competitive elections, or open multi-candidate elections, would be one of the most important parts while deepening the reform, and higher positions would be offered to the general public in the future.

“It’s an eye-catching move in China’s social development as the positions opening to the public become higher and higher,” said Li Yun, associate research fellow at the Society Department affiliated with the provincial Academy of Social Sciences in Jilin.

“What we have to work on in the future is to enlarge the candidate groups as well as to find the right path to reach those of great abilities,” Li noted.

The ongoing campaigns highlighted the improvements made in the nation’s cadres selection and appointment system (CSAS), said Wang Yukai, secretary of the China Society of Administrative Reform and professor at the China National School of Administration.

China’s actions to strengthen the supervision over officials and reform the evaluation standards over recent years were a strong indication of its determination to improve the personnel system, as well as the best practices to win the trust of the public, he said.

Source: Xinhua

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Senior CPC official urges study, publicity of Party agenda [CPC News / People’s Daily]

Posted in Beijing, China, CPC, Economy, Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee, Reform and opening up on November 26, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

November 20, 2010

Senior Communist Party of China (CPC) official Li Changchun on Friday called for “deep and extensive campaigns” to educate Party members and the public on CPC’s agenda for China’s development in the next five years.

“Studying the guiding principles of the Fifth Plenum of the 17th CPC Central Committee is the top political task of the entire Party and the whole society,” said Li at a meeting on promoting the building of study-oriented Party organizations in Beijing.

Last month, the CPC Central Committee convened a four-day plenary session in Beijing that set the outline of the 12th five-year national development plan, with key objectives including economic restructuring and improving living standards nationwide.

Li said that the campaigns would help Party members and the public to better understand the determinations of the CPC Central Committee on the current domestic and international situation.

The campaigns were also to educate them of the importance of scientific development and the acceleration of the transformation of the economic development mode, said Li, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

He said the overall goal of the campaigns was to unite the wisdom and strength of the entire Party and the public to strive for the grand objectives set for the next five years.

Source: Xinhua

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China “unswervingly pursues” peaceful development, experts say [Xinhua]

Posted in Anti-China media bias, Anti-China propaganda exposure, China, CPC, Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee, Income gap on November 19, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, Nov. 6 (Xinhua) — Facing concerns by some western countries about China’s ongoing development, which they think is “a threat,” Chinese experts have again said that the country, in fact, will always pursue a path of peaceful development.

“China’s development depends on world peace and it will contribute to world peace,” said Shi Yongming, a research fellow at the Department for International Strategic Studies of the China Institute of International Studies, a key government think tank.

Shi’s words echoed Premier Wen Jiabao’s explanation on the essence of China’s peaceful development during a speech delivered to world leaders and delegates to the annual general session of the UN General Assembly in September.

Wen said China would stay firmly committed to peaceful development, whose essence was “to foster a peaceful international environment for our development and, at the same time, contribute to world peace through our development.”

Shi said that to foster a peaceful international environment, China had always given priority to “mutually-beneficial cooperation,” which is considered an effective way to tackle disputes in international relations.

He said the fruitful cooperation helped China “gain a peaceful external environment” so that it could focus on its domestic development.

The country’s economy saw an annual growth of 11.4 percent on average during the first four years of the 11th Five-year Program (2006-2010). Additionally, the first half of this year saw an 11.1 percent growth, outshining the pace of developed nations.

President Hu Jintao recently reiterated China’s adherence to the path of peaceful development in a written interview with France’s Le Figaro newspaper and Portugal’s Lusa News Agency on the eve of his visit to the two countries.

“China respects the right of the people of other countries to choose their own path of development,” Hu said. “China will never interfere in other countries’ internal affairs, never impose its own will on others, and is dedicated to peaceful settlements of international conflicts.”

Hu said China, with its defensive national defense policy, would never seek hegemony and would never pursue expansion, and China’s development was “an important part of the development process of human society.”

According to the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee’s Proposal for Formulating the 12th Five-Year Program for China’s Economic and Social Development (2011-2015), which was adopted at the Fifth Plenum of the 17th CPC Central Committee last month, the country’s stance on peaceful development was repeated.

The document, which would shape China’s development over the next five years, noted, “China will…adhere to an independent foreign policy of peace, sticking to the path of peaceful development…”

The country also issued a white paper entitled, “China’s Peaceful Development Road,” in 2005, which, for the first time, elaborated its firm resolution to abide by maintaining peaceful foreign relations. In the same year, China reiterated this commitment in its 11th Five-Year Program.

“China was trying to reassure its neighbors and the world that it would not pose a threat as it gained in strength,” said Prof. Joseph Fewsmith of International Relations and Political Science at Boston University, the United States.

“Generally speaking, China’s actions are in accordance with its words,”

Fewsmith said, adding the “China threat theory” has been replaced by talk of China’s “soft power.”

Gao Zugui, director of the Institute of World Politics of the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, said China’s development path was “completely different from the growth mode of some western powers.”

China would “never follow the footsteps of western nations that sought hegemony once they grew strong,” Gao said, adding that China’s growth would “never harm or pose a threat to anyone.”

Tao Wenzhao, a research fellow of the Institute of American Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, another government think-tank, said China had proven that its development contributed to world peace.

He noted that China always advocated solving both international and regional issues through peaceful means…

While China’s influence would continue to grow in the future, western nations would become more “worried and vigilant” about China’s growth, and voices calling on China to “shoulder more responsibilities” and “play more important roles” would arise, said Zhou Qingan, a research fellow at the Center for International Communication Studies at Beijing-based Tsinghua University.

Zhou added that “it’s time for China to ponder its own rhythm,” saying that in the past the country always followed others’ models to develop itself.

“During the 12th Five-Year Program period, China should follow its own pace and deal with key issues such as urbanization, increasing personal incomes and narrowing disparities between rural and urban areas,” he said.

“Public diplomacy” was also stressed in the proposal for the next five-year blueprint, Zhou said, adding that the government was not the only protagonist in adhering to the peaceful development road, and the masses should participate as well.

He said, “China’s peaceful development road means a guarantee for world stability, as policies of the country with the world’s largest population are predictable.”

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CPC’s proposed guidelines create master blueprint for China’s scientific development [People’s Daily]

Posted in Alternative Energy, China, CPC, Deng Xiaoping, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee, Income gap, Labor, Reform and opening up, Scientific Outlook on Development on November 16, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

November 3, 2010

In…contemporary China, to take scientific development as the theme of the era is to heed the call of the times, and it is meant to take the scientific outlook on development through vigorous endeavors for the reform, opening-up and modernization in all aspects.

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) proposed guide[lines] for mapping out a blueprint for China’s development for the next five years at the 5th Plenum of the 17th CPC Central Committee held on October, saying that the transformation of economic growth mode should be the priority.

The motto that “development is the overriding principle” the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping laid down in 1992 has been translated to the new thesis that “scientific development is the overriding principle”; this transfer shows that CPC’s awareness of the development is more incisive, more inclusive and more compliant with China’s specific national conditions. And it also reflects the new political consensus the Party Central Committee has reached and evolves the nation’s self-transcendence.

The “proposal” has set forth a grand scientific development blueprint for 1.3 billion people in China to unfold on its land of 9.6 million sq km in the next five years. It listed the ensuing goals to fulfill in five areas, namely, a stable and fairly rapid economic growth; a marked progress in strategic economic restructuring, an overall faster increase in the income for urban and rural residents, a marked strengthening of social development, and the in-depth growth of reform and opening up. So, it is cited as [containing within itself] China’s five major blueprints over the next five years.

For an economic growth blueprint…

With regard to the green China blueprint,…

On the common prosperity blueprint,…

Concerning the social development blueprint,…

For the reform & opening-up blueprint,…

Further more, efforts should be to go on expanding openness to the world in breadth and depth, to shape the mutual, win-win pattern and to take an active part in global economic management and regional cooperation, so as to spur the economic growth, reform, innovation and the development of a harmonious world and the construction of the green world with lasting peace and common prosperity.

In a nutshell, the goals of the 12th Five-Year Program for China’s Economic and Social Development (2011-2015) are related so closely to the theme of the times, its policy guidelines is crystal-clear and related policy measures viable. Looking forward to the 12th Five-Year Program, China will surely add a new brilliant chapter to its scientific development in the next five years.

By People’s Daily Online and its author is Hu An’gang, director of the Center for China Studies at elite Tsinghua University in Beijing and a member of China’s State Development and Planning Commission

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Socialist political orientation crucial for China [People’s Daily]

Posted in 2010 World Expo, Capitalism crisis early 21st century, China, CPC, Deng Xiaoping, Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee, Reform and opening up, Scientific Outlook on Development, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics on November 8, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

October 29, 2010

Actively, steadily and prudently push forward reforms in the correct political direction for stability and prosperity.

What political system a country adopts, and what path of political development a country takes, depends ultimately on the will of the majority of the country’s people and the country’s specific national, historical and cultural conditions.

Through the years of New China, we have already found an explicit answer to what political path we will take.  This choice is the outcome of tenacious explorations by generations, the accumulation of the historical experiences of modern China over more than 100 years, and is consistent with the trend of the times and the aspirations of the people.

In this critical period of China’s reform and opening-up and social modernization drive, the Fifth Plenary Session of the Party’s 17th National Congress reiterated the significance of this political course.

"Adhere to the socialist road of political development with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the unity of the Party’s leadership, people’s status as masters of the State and the principle of governing the country in accordance with law, actively, steadily and prudently push forward reforms in the political setup, and continuously promote self-improvement and development of the socialist political system."

This is an important strategic arrangement based on the overall layout of socialism with Chinese characteristics and it is the fundamental political guarantee that will allow us to firmly seize historical opportunities and to push forward reform and opening-up and the socialist modernization drive.

Developing socialist democratic politics is an unswerving goal of our Party.  As early as 1979, our Party made it clear it would reform and improve the socialist political system, and has since been stressing that the reforms implemented, which include reforms in the political setup, are comprehensive…

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Foundation laid for building better-off society in all-round way [People’s Daily]

Posted in 2010 World Expo, Beijing, China, CPC, Deng Xiaoping, Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee, Hu Jintao, Scientific Outlook on Development, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics on October 30, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

October 19, 2010

People’s Daily, the leading and most influential national newspaper in China, hails in a Tuesday editorial the successful conclusion of the Fifth Plenum of the 17th Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held in Beijing from October 15 to 18, which focused on accelerating the transformation of China’s economic development mode and improving people’s livelihood.

The People’s Daily editorial is titled "the foundation of decisive significance is laid for building a moderately prosperous society" in an all-round way, and its extracts read as follows:

A country’s blueprint for development and the dream for making an affluent and strong nation will always be of very special significance at an important juncture in history.

The fifth plenum of the 17th CPC Central Committee has come to a victorious close, and it is definitely an important meeting as China will fulfill the grand plan of the 11th Five-Year Plan (2006-2010) for economic and social development and enter a crucial period for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way.

The plenum heard and discussed the work report delivered by Comrade Hu Jintao on behalf of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and recognized the work of the Political Bureau since the fourth plenum of the CPC Central Committee.  The Party Central Committee with Hu Jintao as the general secretary has got several good, joyous events done and disposed of a number of urgent, difficult issues and made new, significant progress in accomplishing the goals and tasks of the 11th Five-Year plan (2006-2010) and in pushing forward all-round progress in socio-economic development, political development, cultural development, in social and ecological civilization development, in Party building, in the Party and the country’s various undertakings and varied works.

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Growth plan mapped out as party pledges reforms [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, CPC, Economy, Fifth Plenary Session of 17th CPC Central Committee, Housing, Hu Jintao, Reform and opening up on October 30, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

October 19, 2010

China must make "major breakthroughs" in economic restructuring and maintain stable and relatively fast economic growth, as well as advance "vigorous but steady" political reform, Communist Party of China (CPC) leaders have said.

Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, delivered a work report at the four-day Fifth Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee, which concluded on Monday.

The meeting examined and approved proposals for formulating the nation’s next Five-Year Plan, commencing in 2011.

"Great impetus will be given to economic restructuring, while vigorous yet steady efforts shall be made to promote political restructuring," said a communique issued at the end of the meeting.

The plenum appointed Vice-President Xi Jinping as vice-chairman of the CPC’s Central Military Commission.

The period from 2011 to 2015 is a critical stage for China to build a moderately prosperous society, and the country aims to maintain "stable and relatively fast economic growth" during those years, according to the communique.

But it is also a time of challenge in deepening the reform and opening-up process and accelerating the transformation of the nation’s economic development pattern, it said.

In the coming years, the economy is forecast to grow by about 50 percent to $7.5 trillion, powering past Japan and moving closer to the world’s biggest economy, the United States, according to Reuters.

But Peng Sen, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the country’s top economic planner, said systematic restraints had frustrated the progress of China’s economic development.

NDRC Director Zhang Ping said the key to shoring up economic growth is stronger social welfare and cheaper housing…

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