Archive for the Intenet control policy / “Great Firewall” Category

China Focus: China to start security vetting IT products [Xinhua]

Posted in China, Intenet control policy / "Great Firewall", National Security Agency / NSA, NSA, Pentagon, US imperialism, USA on May 29, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, May 22 (Xinhua) — The Chinese government is to start cyber security vetting major IT products and services for use by national security and public interests, the State Internet Information Office announced on Thursday.

The vetting is aimed at preventing suppliers from taking advantage of their products to illegally control, disrupt or shut down their clients’ systems, or to gather, store, process or use their clients’ information, according to a statement from the office.

Companies that fail the vetting will be stopped from supplying products and services in China, the statement said.

Ensuring that IT technologies and cyberspace are “safe and under control” is vital to China’s national security, economic and social development as well as people’s legitimate rights and interests, said Jiang Jun, the office’s spokesman.

“For a long time, governments and enterprises of a few countries have gathered sensitive information on a large scale, taking the advantage of their monopoly in the market and technological edge,” he said. “They not only seriously undermine interests of their clients but also threaten cyber security of other countries.”

China’s government departments, public institutions, enterprises, universities and backbone networks of its telecom firms have suffered extensive invasion and wiretapping, according to Jiang.

Documents leaked by former Central Intelligence Agency contractor Edward Snowden last June rang alarm bells over the cyber security of many countries, the spokesman said, adding that the affair reminded people how crucial cyber security is to national security.

“It shows that without cyber security, there’s no national security,” he said…

Excerpted; full article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/22/c_133353243.htm

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Chinese Internet shutdown linked to right-wing groups, US shell corporations [World Socialist Website]

Posted in Anti-China media bias, Anti-China propaganda exposure, Black propaganda, China, China-bashing, China-US relations, Corporate Media Critique, Intenet control policy / "Great Firewall", Internet Global Hegemony, US imperialism, USA on January 31, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

I did not attempt to access the Internet here in China at the time of the reported shutdown, so this is news to me. The article includes considerable conjecture but still interesting for that. – Zuo Shou

By Kevin Reed
28 January 2014

Last Tuesday, the Internet in China was rendered virtually inoperable for eight hours. According to news reports, nearly all of China’s Internet users—600 million people—were unable to access web sites including the popular search engine Baidu and the social media site Sina Weibo.

At approximately 3:00 p.m. Beijing time on January 21, the domain name root servers in China began rerouting all Internet traffic within the country to the web servers of two Internet companies in the US, Sophidea and Dynamic Internet Technology (DIT). Web monitoring experts also said that .com, .net and .org Internet addresses failed to load in Chinese browsers during the outage.

The US media was quick to report unsubstantiated claims that the breakdown was caused by Chinese Internet censors who made a mistake and, instead of blocking access to the Sophidea and DIT web sites, accidentally redirected all of China’s Internet traffic to their servers. Aside from the fact that the theory that Chinese authorities mistakenly sent the entire Internet to two IP addresses in the US is on its face implausible, no information has yet been produced to prove this claim.

It is far more likely—based on information available in news reports — that the top-level Chinese Internet servers were hacked by right-wing opponents of the Chinese government and other cyber criminals operating within the US corporate-intelligence community…

…While speculation continues as to the specific cause of last Tuesday’s shutdown, it is not out of the question that the outage was the result of a sophisticated malware operation sponsored by the US government or one of its private contractors. As revealed by Edward Snowden in November, the NSA and its Office of Tailored Access Operations (TAO) are the number one purveyor of cyber crime and distributor of malware in the world. These operations rely upon IP address switching and domain name server tricks to lure users into unknowingly loading harmful software onto their systems.

In June, intelligence expert Matthew Aid reported that the NSA and TAO have been engaged for 15 years in a large-scale hacking operation aimed at Chinese computer and telecommunications networks…

Full article link: http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/28/chin-j28.htm

China promotes core socialist values [Xinhua]

Posted in China, CPC, Education, Intenet control policy / "Great Firewall", Law enforcement on December 31, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, Dec. 23 (Xinhua) — The Communist Party of China (CPC) on Monday issued guidelines bolstering core socialist values and pooling positive energy to realize the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation.

Core socialist values should be included in the overall national education plan and “cover all schools and those receiving education”, said the guidelines on cultivating and practicing core socialist values, issued by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee.

According to the guidelines, core socialist values include national goals of prosperity, democracy, civility, and harmony; social goals of freedom, equality, justice and the rule of law; and individual values of patriotism, dedication, integrity, and friendship.

“Core socialist values should be incorporated into the curriculum and classrooms and made a way of thinking for students,” the document said.

“The media must steadfastly uphold correct guidance of public opinion,” the guidelines said.

“Management of the media should be strengthened and the media should not provide channels for the spread of the wrong points of view,” said the guidelines.

News, publishing institutions and their personnel were encouraged to strengthen self-discipline and enhance their sense of responsibility and their ability to promote core socialist values.

To cope with the fast development of the Internet, “efforts should be made to manifest core socialist values in Internet publicity, culture and service, so as to use a positive voice and advanced culture to capture the online front,” the guidelines said.

The CPC authorities also ordered strengthened management of the Internet in accordance with the law and a fight against obscenity, online rumors and criminality to make the Internet environment clean.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-12/23/c_132990275.htm

Also see “China Focus: China promotes core socialist values” [Xinhua], a longer version of the above article — http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-12/24/c_132990379.htm

And “Graphic: China’s core socialist values” [People’s Daily] — http://english.people.com.cn/90785/8494839.html

“How to Counter America’s Digital Hegemony” – China’s vanguard measures to protect national cyberspace [Strategic Culture Foundation]

Posted in Anti-China media bias, Anti-China propaganda exposure, China, France, Germany, Greece, Intenet control policy / "Great Firewall", Internet Global Hegemony, National Security Agency / NSA, NSA, US imperialism, USA, USA 21st Century Cold War on December 9, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

Boris KAZANTSEV | 23.11.2013

The digital world, or cyberspace, is at a crossroads in its development. And not with respect to specific technologies, but with respect to state policy concepts regarding cyberspace and how and to what extent the state should influence it. The revelations of Edward Snowden were a jolt that has caused an avalanche of thoughts [sic] in many countries. And at the center of these thoughts are a single problem: how to maintain state sovereignty in an era of total digital transparency where there are methods of collecting information that in the past no one had even dreamed of.

The American concept of cyberspace cannot but be imperialistic. This means that the security of the U.S. becomes the point of reference for the behavior of all other countries and international organizations, to which the imperial “Center” may show “favor” by granting access to part of its capabilities, while demanding full submission in return. While previously this submission was expressed in the adoption of the culture, economy and currency of the “Center”, now it is expressed in the requirement to acknowledge the dominance of American IT corporations on the domestic markets of other countries. Furthermore, it is implied that other countries are not to independently maintain their own cyber-resources, as the “supreme protector” has already taken care of everything. The idea of an “informational umbrella”, as it were.

For a long time Europe has agreed with such logic, almost completely abandoning the expansion of its own capabilities in the digital world. This was encouraged by the fact that the socialist orientation of the ideologists of the European information society’s architecture were eclectically overlaid on the overall neoliberal model of the European Union. However, the Snowden affair jerked the Europeans out of their sweet slumber and forced them to take a serious look around in search of adequate models for responding to American digital hegemony.

Surprisingly, it is becoming increasingly clear that the Chinese model, which the Europeans themselves have been ruthlessly criticizing for the past 20 years, is just such a model. Individual elements of its implementation in Europe could be seen as early as 2009-2010. At that time European governments openly confronted American IT corporations, in particular, Google and Microsoft. Each case was different (for example, for Germany and Greece it was connected with the Google Street View project, and for France, with attempts to digitize its library collections), but in each case the Europeans tried to create a barrier to the boundless U.S. presence on their territories. In 2011 a “virtual Schengen” [sic — see Wikipedia’s “Schengen Agreement”: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schengen_Agreement] obviously organized after the manner of China’s “Golden Shield”, was even discussed, but it didn’t go any farther than generalities.

Apparently China’s experience (in scholarly literature they call it “the East Asian experience of building an information society”) will be increasingly sought after in the future by those countries which want to be subjects of international politics and not obedient performers of the “Center’s” will.

The “Chinese model” is based first of all on the recognition that “universal values” are not all that universal. Over the millennia of its existence, each large civilization has developed its own inherent deep-seated codes which it is safe to call “national values” and which are always unique. For China, for example, these are Confucian values. However, the Chinese recognize the existence of various value systems and do not categorize countries whose value systems differ from their own as “barbarians”, like the preachers of “universal values” in the West.

A second aspect is reliance on national production, which promotes economic growth on the one hand, and state security on the other…

On the technical level, China has from the beginning taken a very careful approach to the development of the World Wide Web on its territory, rejecting the neoliberal paradigm “the market will adjust everything”. In 2003 there were no more than 10 large networks in China which operated under the steady monitoring of the state. The rapid growth of the number of Internet cafes in the mid to late ’90s meant that for several years (1999 to the early 2000s) this sphere was subjected to more serious state regulation.

Thanks to the consistent and thoughtful policy of supporting high-tech sectors of the economy, in China they have done what for a long time seemed impossible: they have forced American IT corporations out of the domestic market and now are actively buying them up (for example, Lenovo bought out IBM, and now it has its eye on Blackberry). Today such Chinese brands as ZTE or Huawei have become synonyms of success and power…

In its content production policy, China holds to two simple principles.

…[T]he first principle [is called] “block and clone”, which means “smart censorship”. Its main distinction from “dumb censorship” is that the state, when blocking access to a foreign platform, immediately provides the possibility to use one just like it, but national [i.e. sourced domestically].

This has proven to be true in relation to absolutely all popular mechanisms of the Internet, from search engines and video services to social networks and microblogs. But the number of users of the Chinese Internet (and this is over 600 million people) makes the very concept of a “global network” quite relative, as there exists a self-sufficient cluster which provides itself with everything it needs.

The second principle is to identify a set of key topics which, in the opinion of the Chinese leadership, could have a destabilizing effect on the country’s life…

Such topics include information which contradicts the principles enshrined in the Constitution; threatens national security; reveals state secrets; undermines confidence in the government; erodes the unity of the state; damages its honor and interests; provokes ethnic hatred or discrimination; erodes the solidarity of the nation; could have negative consequences for state policy in the sphere of religion; spreads the cult of violence, debauchery, pornography, gambling, murder or terrorism or provokes crime; spreads rumors; disturbs the public order; undermines social stability; or violates the human rights enshrined in the Constitution. No one is likely to say that these topics do not in fact deserve heightened attention from the state…

Edited by Zuo Shou

Full article link: http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2013/11/23/how-to-counter-americas-digital-hegemony.html

Internet Freedom vs NSA Dragnet [Hidden Harmonies blog]

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, Capitalist media double standard, China, China-bashing, Hillary Clinton, Historical myths of the US, Intenet control policy / "Great Firewall", National Security Agency / NSA, NSA, Obama, US Government Cover-up, US imperialism, USA, vs. Google on July 20, 2013 by Zuo Shou / 左手

July 5, 2013

by YinYang

Have you ever wondered how a map would look like if it showed Internet freedom versus the NSA dragnet recently revealed by Edward Snowden? Well, it would look like the following map. Click to have a look first and then come back to this post.
Facebook-Map – adjusted for population density (click to enlarge)

[Map here: http://blog.hiddenharmonies.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Facebook-Map-adjusted-for-population-density.jpg%5D

It shows Facebook users versus regional population density. In black are users who use Facebook while red users do not.

For a moment, think Facebook in the map represents the combination of Google, Twitter, Microsoft, and other Internet service companies based out of the U.S.. Recall former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s speech about Internet Freedom? According to her, those users colored in black has [sic] freedom. According to her, the more black the better.

Now, think about the colors with PRISM in mind. And, don’t forget, Google, Facebook, and etc colludes with programs such as PRISM by making their user’s email and activities readily available. Of course, black then represents NSA dragnet while red actually represents freedom. This is why Edward Snowden is so quickly labeled a ‘traitor’ in the United States, because his revelations, while breaking American law, completely undermined speeches like Clinton’s, including President Obama’s lip-service to the same. Our world can be so backwards, and it’s amazingly thinly veiled, isn’t it?

With NSA hacking into the red (Pacnet, Asia’s backbone, and likely other backbones of the global Internet), much of the red is already black isn’t it? Some may genuinely believe this dragnet is actually benign and a force for good. Perhaps. However, if they do, I ask that they do this simple experiment: imagine the red countries now doing NSA’s PRISM-scale spying on the black colored citizens.

If the red spied on the black at the NSA scale, what then should the recourse be? What do we do about true Internet freedom? One thing for sure, I doubt an Internet “freedom” speech will be given any time soon.

Article link: http://blog.hiddenharmonies.org/2013/07/internet-freedom-vs-nsa-dragnet/#more-19073

Major web portals voice resolution to banish rumors in China [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, Intenet control policy / "Great Firewall" on April 11, 2012 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, April 10 (Xinhua) — Three major websites in China voiced their resolution Tuesday to contain online rumors in response to a warning proposal meted out Monday.

Chiefs of sina.com, baidu.com and qq.com promised the government that they will firmly cooperate with relevant departments to crack down on the online spreading of rumors, saying they will improve self-management and take effective measures toward this goal.

The Internet Society of China released a written proposal Monday calling on Internet companies and websites to strengthen self-discipline and prevent the spread of online rumors.

Microblogging websites should not be a hotbed for spreading of rumors, said an unidentified chief of sina.com, which operates the country’s most popular microblogging site Weibo.com. He said Sina is improving measures to control the release of contents on Weibo.com and boost capacity for finding out and removing rumors posted on it.

Weibo.com and another major Chinese microblogging site t.qq.com, suspended comment functions from March 31 to April 3 after they were punished for allowing rumors to spread.

The move had widespread support from users and Sina will continue to lead users participate [sic] in rumor clarification, said the chief.

A chief from Baidu.com, also unidentified, said it was deleting illegal and fake information in its search results and it would further increase technical and manpower investment to banish disinformation.

The website qq.com is learning from…past experience and improving the safety strategy for its microblogging service so as to further curb the spreading of online rumors through microblogging sites, said an unnamed chief from qq.com.

Edited by Zuo Shou

Article link: http://english.people.com.cn/90882/7782870.html

Chinese websites closed, six detained for spreading rumors [Xinhua]

Posted in Beijing, Black propaganda, China, Intenet control policy / "Great Firewall" on April 3, 2012 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, March 30 (Xinhua) — Chinese authorities closed 16 websites and detained six people responsible for “fabricating or disseminating online rumors,” the State Internet Information Office (SIIO) and Beijing police said Friday.

The websites, including meizhou.net, xn528.com and cndy.com.cn, were closed for spreading rumors of “military vehicles entering Beijing and something wrong going on in Beijing,” which were fabricated by some lawless people recently, said a spokesman with SIIO.

The rumors have caused “a very bad influence on the public” and the websites were closed in accordance with laws for failing to stop the spread of rumors, said the spokesman.

Beijing police also detained six people for allegedly fabricating and spreading the above-mentioned rumors, particularly through microblogging posts, according to the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Public Security.

An undisclosed number of people who had disseminated similar rumors on the Internet were also “admonished and educated,” who have shown intention to repent, the police said.

The SIIO spokesman also said with regard to a number of rumors having appeared on weibo.com and t.qq.com, the two popular microblogging sites have been “criticized and punished accordingly” by Internet information administration authorities in Beijing and Guangdong respectively.

The spokesman did not elaborate what the punishment was, but said the two websites had pledged to strengthen the management.

Beijing police in a statement Friday urged Internet users to abide by laws and be vigilant against online rumors, which severely disturb the public order, undermine social stability and deserve punishment.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-03/31/c_122911627.htm