Archive for the Family planning policy Category

Zhang Yimou facing fine of US$1.15m for extra births [People’s Daily / Sweet & Sour Cinema]

Posted in China, Family planning policy, Law enforcement, Sweet & Sour Cinema, Zhang Yimou 张艺谋 on January 7, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

By Gao Changxin (China Daily)
December 30, 2013

The Chinese director who dazzled the world in 2008 with his Beijing Olympics opening ceremony apologized on Sunday for violating the nation’s family planning policy.

Zhang Yimou, 62, who also directed the blockbusters Red Sorghum, Raise the Red Lantern and House of Flying Daggers, admitted in a video interview with Xinhua News Agency that he had “done wrong” and that the incident has harmed his reputation “tremendously”.

“I have done wrong and won’t blame anyone else. I will cooperate fully with family planning authorities in the city of Wuxi,” Zhang told Xinhua.

The media interview was Zhang’s first since online reports surfaced in May accusing him of having fathered at least seven children with multiple women and saying he faced a fine of 160 million yuan ($26.4 million).

In November, the family planning authority in Wuxi, Jiangsu province, where Zhang’s children’s hukou — household registration — is located, said they were unable to find Zhang. Meanwhile, the authority faced growing public pressure over “fairness” in handling Zhang’s case.

On Dec 1, in a statement published through his studio, Zhang acknowledged that he and his wife, Chen Ting, gave birth to two sons and a daughter, and he is willing to pay fines.

On Dec 10, Yao Hongwen, spokesman for the National Health and Family Planning Commission, promised that Zhang will receive no favoritism, adding that “nobody is entitled to give birth to more children than allowed”.

Zhang, who has a daughter with his ex-wife, told Xinhua that he had three children with Chen because he followed his father’s wish to have sons to continue the family bloodline.

Zhang’s three children with Chen were born in 2001, 2004 and 2006 in Beijing, before the couple married in 2011. Chen told Xinhua that they fell in love in 1999 and were not willing to register as husband and wife for fear of media exposure.

Chen denied media reports that Zhang had at least seven children with multiple women, calling it a rumor “that has hurt the family”.

The incident, coupled with Zhang’s aversion of the media, stirred a heated discussion online. At the center of the discussion was whether it is fair for wealthy citizens to buy their way out of the one-child policy.

A recent online survey by ynet.com found that about 70 percent of people are unsatisfied with Zhang’s apology, saying it is unfair that Zhang can buy privileges with money.

Zhou Haiwang, deputy director of the Institute of Population and Development under the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, told China Daily that the family planning policy doesn’t favor the rich because the fine is set based on personal income.

Xinhua cited lawyers representing the Wuxi authority and Zhang on Sunday as saying Zhang might need to pay a fine of at least 7 million yuan.

Zhou added that Zhang’s high-profile case serves as a warning to the rest of the country.

“When people see the government gets tough on celebrities, they know they can’t get away with it,” he said.

On Saturday, the National People’s Congress, China’s top legislature, formally allowed couples in which either parent has no siblings to have two children, as the nation faces looming demographic challenges, including a rapidly growing elderly population, a shrinking labor force and male-female imbalance.

Article link: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90882/8498764.html

China to maintain its family planning policy: official [Xinhua]

Posted in China, Education, Employment, Family planning policy, Housing on October 31, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, Oct. 30 (Xinhua) — China will adhere to its family planning policy so as to maintain a low reproduction rate, said the country’s family planning chief on Sunday, expected to be the eve of the world’s population reaching seven billion.

“Over-population remains one of the major challenges to social and economic development,” said Li Bin, director of the State Population and Family Planning Commission in an exclusive interview with Xinhua, adding that the population of China will hit 1.45 billion in 2020.

Li said maintaining and improving the existing family planning policy and keeping a low reproduction rate, along with addressing the issues of gender imbalance and an aging population, will be the major tasks in the future.

Li’s words came just one day before Oct. 31, the day on which the United Nations estimates the world’s population will reach seven billion.

Zhai Zhenwu, a leading Chinese demographer, said earlier in the past week that China’s family planning policy had postponed this day for at least five years, as it prevented 400 million people from being added to the country’s population, which is 1.34 billion at present.

“The population of China would have hit 1.7 billion had it not been for the family planning policy, and it would have created more difficulties for society,” said Li.

The most populous nation in the world, China introduced its family planning policy, often referred to as the “one-child policy”, in the late 1970s to curb pressure on the environment and resources.

Li said the policy has made a favorable environment for the country’s economic development and social stability by alleviating demand for fundamentals including education, employment and housing.

Thanks to the policy, China’s average education term has reached nine years and its population’s life expectancy 73.5 years. In addition, maternal mortality rates and infant mortality rates are among the lowest in all developing countries.

China is focusing more on the all-round development and the livelihood of the people. It is a model of poverty relief efforts for developing countries, said Li.

“The Chinese government seriously fulfills the World Population Plan of Action and the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations, making positive contributions to the world’s population development,” said Li.

However, Li said that besides overpopulation, China is still facing other population-related challenges, including gender imbalance and an aging population.

For every 100 girls born in 2010, 118 boys were born. And 13.26 percent of China’s population are aged 60 or above. It is expected the ratio will hit one third, or 440 million, by 2050. One fifth of the population will be 80 years of age or older in 2050, according to Li.

Although the average education term has been extended, the rate of higher educated people in the main labor force stands only 12 percent, which still lags far behind the average level in developed countries.

In the meantime, the rate of infant defects in recent years has stood at four percent to six percent, and people with disabilities account for 6.34 percent of the aggregate population, said Li.

“We must stick to the existing policy, raise the quality of the population and optimize its structure, so as to reach the sustainable development of population, society, environment and economy,” Li said…

Full article with photos: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-10/30/c_131220403.htm

Babies born abroad to Chinese mainland parents may trigger fines [People’s Daily]

Posted in Beijing, Canada, China, Family planning policy, Hong Kong, Law enforcement, Shanghai, USA on September 26, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

(China Daily)

Sept. 9, 2011

BEIJING – Mainland couples who give birth to babies abroad to circumvent the family planning policy will be required to pay social maintenance fees if they bring the children back to the mainland.

“As long as they are Chinese mainland citizens and will raise the children back on the mainland, and their children are born in contravention of the policy, they have to pay the fees,” said the National Population and Family Planning Commission.

In recent years, more and more well-to-do couples have gone abroad to have a second child. Some aim to give their children citizenship provided by places such as the United States, Canada and Hong Kong, while others simply want to circumvent the family planning policy, which limits most urban couples to just one child.

According to Zhai Zhenwu, dean of Renmin University’s school of sociology and population, the social maintenance fees vary regionally, ranging from two to 10 times local per capita annual income.

“Violators working as civil servants or for other government-related organizations will face administrative punishments, like expulsion, in addition to the fines,” Zhai said.

But there are also exceptions, he added.

Chinese student couples who give birth to babies in contravention of the policy while studying abroad are exempt from the fees and any other punishments after they come back to China.

Also, if the parents don’t apply for Chinese residence permits for their children born abroad, the family planning departments may not know the child is born in contravention of the policy, Zhai said.

“In fact a Chinese residence permit doesn’t matter that much for a baby’s life on the mainland,” said Julie Dong, a customer manager with Meibaozhijia, an agency bringing mainland women to the US to deliver children.

Instead, parents can easily apply for a travel document issued by the Chinese government for their babies born abroad, she said.

With the document, they can enroll in primary and secondary schools like other Chinese children without paying extra fees, she said. Also, the children can choose their own citizenship and nationality when they turn 18.

The only benefits they are not entitled to are attending public kindergartens and free vaccinations, she said.

“We have a constantly rising number of customers, including some famous entertainers, and many of them are having their second child in the US,” she said.

Her agency now has five outlets on the mainland including Beijing and Shanghai.

A baby-delivering trip to the US costs around 150,000 yuan ($23,400).

Article link:

Beichuan: a new beginning [Granma International]

Posted in China, CPC, Cuba, Family planning policy, Natural disaster, PLA on September 8, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

Havana. August 12, 2011

by Aida Calviac Mora

SICHUAN.— Beichuan honors its dead with yellow chrysanthemums. Anyone arriving in this district in the north of the Chinese province of Sichuan, is obliged to observe a minute’s silence before the shocking ruins of the May 12, 2008 earthquake, and then turn his or her head to appreciate the people’s amazing capacity for reconstruction and a new beginning.

The people recount how that Monday the earth trembled mercilessly. According to official figures, the quake of 8.00 on the Richter scale left 68,712 dead and 17,291 disappeared in the province.

With 80% of its buildings destroyed, Beichuan was transformed from a paradisiacal landscape into a Dantesque one in a matter of seconds. More than 125,000 of its inhabitants died and around 4,300 were never found. The earthquake provoked a rain of giant rocks which flattened everything in their path and raised the level of the Jiang Jiang He River, which now divides the new part of the district from the old, above the level of its bridge.

“As I was driving, I saw that the highway was beginning to move. Rocks were falling from the mountains and dust covered the sky over the valley,” recalls one of the survivors who, at 2:28pm on that day, was close to the epicenter in Wenchuan, 130 kilometers distant.

The 30,000 aftershocks increased the panic and frustration in the wake of the massive losses and shock, in China’s worst quake in 30 years.

Prime Minister Wen Jiabao traveled to the region that same day and was later joined by President Hu Jintao, to direct the considerable rescue operations which resulted in close to 84,000 people being pulled out of the rubble.

During those tragic days Cubans worked alongside the Chinese people, armed forces, the Communist Party and government on all levels, as a demonstration of sisterhood and solidarity between the two nations. The authorities of the Asian giant acknowledged the Cuban medical brigade of 35 volunteers from the Henry Reeve International Contingent Specializing in Disaster and Serious Epidemics as one of the first to come to the aid of the quake victims.

SISTERHOOD AND RESURRECTION

Sichuan, a province in southwest China, occupies a strategic position in terms of economic development in the west of the country. In the earthquake, 18 of its districts were totally flattened. Its capital is Chengdu and Beichuan, the town which suffered the most damage, lies…160 kilometers distant.

Local authorities have calculated that the considerable human and material losses have set back the socioeconomic development of the areas affected by the equivalent of 50 years.

According to the Sichuan government’s Information Office, the poverty rate went up from 11.7% to 34.9%. For that reason, barely three months after the earthquake, a temporary subsidy of 8.38 billion yuan was implemented to help more than seven million people. Low income families received assistance checks and monthly payments were organized for orphans, homeless senior citizens and people with disabilities.

With the aim of transforming the desolate construction scene, the central government adopted an aid twinning mechanism, consisting of associating cities and towns affected by the disaster with provinces in other parts of the country which did not suffer the effects of the earthquake. Currently, 18 provinces are providing help for the 18 areas affected and, by May 2011, three years after the quake, 99% of the 3,880 reconstruction projects had been completed, with an investment of 76 billion yuan ($12.66 billion).

Approximately 23 kilometers from the memorial city which the magnitude of the earthquake left brutally trapped in time, the new district of Yong Chang, modern, in harmony with its environment and respecting the constructive [sic] style of the Qiang ethnic group, the majority in the region, is rising up.

As Du Yong, chief of Beichuan district, told Granma newspaper, the new development, inaugurated at the end of January this year, has 9,000 homes and an infrastructure of schools, hospitals, water treatment plants and other basics. The new buildings are resistant to the impact of earthquakes of 8.0 in magnitude, he assures.

Sichuan families have also had to undergo a rebirth, both physical and psychological, after the untimely loss of various of their members and family planning centers have played a decisive role in instilling hope and the capacity to adapt.

In Beichuan, 700 couples lost their only child. From July of 2008, these centers have been giving subsidies to those who wish to rebuild their families, providing medical attention for pregnant women, implementing adoption policies and other guidance and support services, commented Wang Yong Xin, general deputy director of the institution, who noted that, with the help of this project, 758 children have been born since the earthquake.

One can still see incense burning in parts of Beichuan as an everlasting symbol of mourning for the dead, but there are no longer apocalyptical [sic] visions. Like the roofs and balconies which, little by little began to rise up from the ground, this population is rebuilding itself, with all of China behind it, making possible its renaissance.

Edited by Zuo Shou

Article link: http://www.granma.cu/ingles/international-i/11agosto-Beichuan.html

China’s White Papers – Human Rights in China: VIII. Family Planning and Protection Of Human Rights [People’s Daily / Sweet & Sour Socialism Essential Archives]

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, China, China-bashing, CPC, Economy, Education, Employment, Environmental disaster, Environmental protection, Family planning policy, Housing, Law enforcement, Transportation, Western nations' human rights distortions on February 15, 2011 by Zuo Shou / 左手

There is so much ignorance and pernicious slander about this issue.

China as a nation was desperately crippled for centuries due to severe, relentless overpopulation.  China had a long-standing and seriously destructive superstition, embodied in the feudal saw “Duo Zi, Duo Fu” [“More children, more prosperity”].  Famine, mass poverty, depletion of natural resources, human degradation, social strife and stagnation were just some of the ills caused by this scourge of “too much of a good thing”.

The CPC’s “Family Planning Policy” (“One-child policy” is actually a misnomer) has been a salvation of the Chinese nation and a critical linchpin of its current tremendous scale of development.  When  examined objectively it becomes obvious that it’s not only an unassailable necessity for the preservation of the Chinese nation, but also provides wide-ranging benefits for humanity as a whole.  – Zuo Shou 左手

*************

October 08, 2007

The Chinese government implements a family planning policy in the light of the Constitution, with the aim of promoting economic and social development, raising people’s living standards, enhancing the quality of its population and safeguarding the people’s rights to enjoy a better life.

China is a developing country with the biggest population in the world. Many people, little arable land, comparatively inadequate per-capita share of natural resources plus a relatively backward economy and culture — these features spell out China’s basic national conditions.

The population which is expanding too quickly poses a sharp contradiction to economic and social development, the utilization of resources and environmental protection, places a serious constraint on China’s economic and social development, and drags improvement of livelihood and the quality of the people.  By the end of 1990, the mainland population had reached 1.14 billion.  With such an immense population base, China, despite the implementation of birth control, still sees a yearly net increase of 17 million people, a number equal to the population of a medium-sized country.  As for the per-capita area of cultivated land, it had dropped to 1.3 mu, representing only 25 percent of the world average.  Similarly, the per-capita share of freshwater resources is just one quarter of the world average.  China’s grain production ranks first in the world, but divided among the population, the amount of grain per person accounts for just 22 percent of that in the United States.  More than a quarter of the annual addition to the national income is consumed by the new population born during the same year.  As a result, funds for accumulation have to be cut, and the speed of economic growth slowed down.  The rapid swelling of the population has brought about many pressures on the country’s employment, education, housing, medical care, and communications and transportation.  Faced with the gravity of this situation, the government, in order to guarantee people’s minimum living conditions and to enable citizens not only to have enough to eat and wear but also to grow better off, cannot do as some people imagine — wait for a high level of economic development to initiate a natural decline in birthrate.  If we did so, the population would grow without restriction, and the economy would deteriorate steadily.  Hence, China has to strive for economic growth by trying in every possible way to increase the productive forces, while at the same time practice the policy of family planning to strictly control population growth so that it may suit economic and social development.  This is the only correct choice that any government responsible to the people and their descendants can make under China’s given set of special circumstances.

It is universally acknowledged that China has achieved tremendous successes in family planning.  The birthrate dropped by a big margin from 33.43 per thousand in 1970 to 21.06 per thousand in 1990, and the natural population growth dropped from 25.83 per thousand to 14.39 per thousand. In 1970, the child-bearing rate of Chinese women was 5.81, and the figure decreased to 2.31 in 1990.  At present, the above three indicators are lower than the average level of other developing countries.  To a certain extent, this success has mitigated the contradiction between China’s ballooning population and its economic and social development.  It has played an important role in advancing socialist modernization and raising the living standard and the quality of the population.  Also it has been an important contribution to the stability of the world’s population. Continue reading

On correct management of the Chinese population issue as a whole for long-term, balanced growth [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, Communist Youth League CYL, CPC, Economy, Environmental protection, Family planning policy, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics on October 5, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

September 25, 2010

Three decades ago today, the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee issued an “open letter” to all CPC members and Communist Youth League (CYL) members on the question of China’s population control.  The “open letter” issued on Sept. 25, 1980 called for CPC and CYL members in China to have only one child in a bid to improve livelihoods.

Based on China’s basic national conditions as a big populous nation but with a weak economic foundation and a relatively insufficient per-capita share of natural resources, the Party Central Committee called on all CPC and CYL members to play an exemplary role and to unite with and lead the masses of people initiatively to implement the birth control or family planning policy.

With the issue of the “open letter”, China has taken on a great change afterward in transforming the existing habits and customs in this regard.  The CPC and CYL members and officials at all levels took the lead to implement birth control and practice the optimum ways for child-bearing and child-rearing, and the basic national family-planning policy has been carried out consciously and efficaciously.

Hence, the momentum for an excessive population growth was brought under control; China has accomplished a historic change in the population reproduction type from one featuring high birth, low-death and high growth-rate to one featuring low birth rate, low death rate and low growth rate equaling that of moderately developed nations in a relative short period of time, as against close to 100 years for such developed nations.  At the same time, China’s human quality [sic] has improved comprehensively, and the population structure and distribution issue has drawn growing attention with an ensuing marked improvement in the people’s survival and development conditions and a significant rise in human race index [sic].

Continue reading

China marks 30 years of one-child policy, aging challenges ahead [People’s Daily]

Posted in China, CPC, Family planning policy on October 5, 2010 by Zuo Shou / 左手

September 25, 2010

He Weiqiong, 52, along with her two bothers and one sister, had a family reunion in their hometown in southern Guangdong Province last week to celebrate the mid-autumn festival.

Though He was happy to be with her 80-year-old mother and large family, she still felt “empty” as her 28-year-old daughter, who works in eastern Jiangsu Province, could not come home to join them.

Like most of her peers, He has only one child as her family was not affluent enough in the 1980s when the daughter was born.

“As I only have one child, my daughter’s education and quality of life can be ensured in a family that had just made ends meet,” she said.

But after her daughter was married last year, He became a little worried.

“My daughter and son-in-law are both only children, so they may feel it is difficult to take care of their four parents when they are busy with work.”

She said the one-child policy appears as two sides of a coin — on one side, it suited the national situation at that time, as China is a country with a huge population and uncontrolled population expansion is worrisome; but on the other, a single child may feel lonely and the elderly might be more happy if they see many children and grandchildren sit together and carry on the family line.

Saturday marks the 30th anniversary of China’s one-child policy.  The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee issued an open letter on Sept. 25, 1980, calling for CPC and Communist Youth League members to have only one child in a bid to improve lives.

The letter said, for families, more children would consume more money and food and hinder the improvement of living standards, and for the country, the population growth would affect the “accumulation of funds” for the nation’s modernization drive.

It noted, however, that “the population growth problem may relax in three decades.”

Additionally, the one-child policy does not cover ethnic minorities and farmers whose first child is a girl.  Also, in some regions it was later adjusted to exempt couples who are, themselves, both only children.

Continue reading