Archive for the China-US relations Category

China patient in the face of U.S. irrationality [People’s Daily]

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, China, China-US relations, Economic crisis & decline, Encirclement of China, Pentagon, South China Sea, US imperialism, USA, USA 21st Century Cold War on June 6, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

May 29, 2014

The U.S. is showing increasing signs of irrationality in its relations with China. Regarding cyber security, on the one hand, the U.S. is conducting surveillance over governments and enterprises of many countries, including China, while on the other, it is playing the injured party by indicting Chinese military officers over alleged cyber theft. Concerning maritime issues in the South China Sea and East China Sea, the U.S. has been making things increasingly difficult for China, regardless of the fact that it is some of China’s neighboring countries that are encroaching Chinese islets. The U.S. strategy of “re-balancing” the Asia-Pacific region has caused only chaos and instability.

Such irrational behavior indicates an anxiety that has replaced the confidence that Washington used to have.

The U.S. has led the world in comprehensive strength since the end of World War Two. But its international prestige has declined since the start of the new century due to both its domestic and external policies. Some emerging countries are progressing faster than the U.S., and China is a good example, a fact that the U.S. is finding difficult to accept.

It is never easy to accept such a trend for any country that is used to playing the world leader. Nevertheless, the U.S. has to understand that balanced distribution of world powers is conducive to world stability and peace, something that will eventually serve America’s own interests.

Irrationality on the part of the U.S. will not be a short term phenomenon. The U.S. needs to adjust to the rise of China. China understands American discomfort, and is willing to help the U.S. to make the necessary adjustments. Whether the U.S. will calm down is a decision that it alone can make. Only by adapting to historical trends and maintaining a benign interaction with the peaceful development of China will the U.S. realize a “re-balance” that is beneficial for regional stability.  

The article is edited and translated from美国非理性 中国有耐心; Source: People’s Daily Overseas Edition; Author: Shen Dingli, professor of Fudan University.

Article link: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/n/2014/0529/c98649-8734589.html

US charges alleging Chinese cyber-espionage are bizarre [Global Times]

Posted in Anti-China media bias, Anti-China propaganda exposure, Beijing, Black propaganda, Brazil, Capitalist media double standard, China, China-bashing, China-US relations, Germany, National Security Agency / NSA, NSA, U.K., US imperialism, USA on June 2, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

By Eric Sommer
Published: 2014-5-26

“Bizarre” is the only word for the US government’s recent announcement of criminal charges against five Chinese military officers for alleged cyber-espionage.

To begin with, such extraterritorial charges in a matter of this kind are unprecedented in modern relations between sovereign states. But what makes the charges truly mind-bending is that the US state has never stated that it would cease its own massive National Security Agency (NSA) cyber-spying on potentially the whole Chinese population, and key Chinese institutions.

Documents provided by courageous whistle-blower Edward Snowden have previously revealed NSA cyber-espionage programs, which have stolen hundreds of millions of Chinese mobile phone text messages; broken into the crucial IT backbone system at China’s Tsinghua University which connects to large numbers of important institutes and research labs; and monitored the communications of important Chinese officials.

The NSA has also hacked and compromised the security of computer systems produced by Chinese company Huawei and used by businesses throughout China and around the world.

It’s notable – and should be emphasized – that as far as we know, such massive US cyber-spying activities against China have continued up to the present moment. The US side has never apologized or stated that they will stop.

Chinese media has accurately tagged the US cyber-espionage charges as those of a “robber playing cop.” But this robber also appears to be a liar.

One of the rationales offered for the charges is that US cyber-spying is only for “security,” while China’s alleged spying targets “commercial secrets” for business advantage.

This claim is belied by the revelations that not only Huawei, but the Brazilian state oil company Petrobras, German companies Stellar, Cetel and IABG, and others have been invaded by the US NSA spy system and its close British affiliate GCHQ.

What’s more, NSA documents show that leaders of 35 countries – including Angela Merkel of Germany – have had their phones tapped or been otherwise monitored.

Many of these leaders engage from time to time in high-level commercially related negotiations with the US involving free-trade agreements or other business matters.

Information gained from tapping their phones or monitoring them can of course provide crucial – and unfair – commercial advantages to the US side in any negotiations.

In any case, hiding behind the word “security” to justify attempting to collect the e-mails, phone calls and other cyber-information of people and institutions of the whole world does not make the US state look good. What makes it look worse is charging Chinese military officers for alleged crimes which the US side commits on a daily basis.

Eric Sommer, a Canadian scholar living in Beijing

Article link: http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/862345.shtml
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See also related Xinhua articles:

“U.S. spying, including on Chinese telco, seeks economic edge: NYT” – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/22/c_133353300.htm

“Investigation confirms U.S. snooping activities against China: report” – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/26/c_133363158.htm

“Full Text: The United States’ Global Surveillance Record” – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/27/c_133363178_2.htm?k=1

“U.S. conducts unscrupulous secret surveillance programs across world: report” – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/26/c_133363160.htm

“China warns of reaction to U.S. cyber indictment” – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/29/c_133371559.htm

“Commentary: U.S. cyber-scoundrelism doomed to backfire” – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/indepth/2014-05/24/c_133357780.htm

US military basing deal in the Philippines: A step towards neocolonial rule [World Socialist Website]

Posted in Afghanistan, Anti-China propaganda exposure, Bourgeois parliamentary democracy, China, China-US relations, Encirclement of China, George W. Bush, Iraq, Neo-colonialism, Obama, Pentagon, Philippines, South China Sea, US foreign occupation, US imperialism, USA, USA 21st Century Cold War on May 27, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

17 May 2014

The Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) between Washington and Manila, signed on April 28, starkly exposes the reactionary character of the Obama administration’s “pivot to Asia.” As US imperialism sets out to militarily encircle and isolate China, posing the risk of global war, it is seeking to impose neocolonial rule on oppressed countries throughout Asia.

The EDCA’s ten pages effectively convert the Philippines, a former US colony, into a US military base, under a legal framework virtually indistinguishable from the neocolonial decrees Washington imposed during hated wars in US-occupied Iraq or Afghanistan. This deal was prepared behind the backs of the US and Filipino working class, by the Obama administration and the corrupt regime of President Benigno Aquino III.

The deal grants to the United States exclusive use of an undisclosed number of “agreed locations,” for which no rent shall be paid and on which the Pentagon can base an unlimited number of forces. US forces and contractors in the country are not subject to Philippine law, having extraterritorial immunity from local jurisdiction. Only one designated Filipino will be allowed access to US bases in the country, and that only after he has obtained permission from US forces.

The ten-year deal renews automatically, and the Philippine judiciary and other branches of government are explicitly prohibited by Article XI of the document from reviewing any disputes pertaining to the EDCA.

In content and in form, the EDCA is a reactionary and illegal document. It does an end run around the Philippine Senate, which is constitutionally required to authorize any foreign troops or bases in the country, presenting the deal as an agreement between the Pentagon and the Philippine military. The semblance of independent Philippine partnership in the deal is a political fiction: the Philippine military was created by the United States during its fifty-year colonial rule, and much of the current top brass was trained at the US Military Academy at West Point.

The formulation of the EDCA and its adoption by Washington and Manila without any significant protest is a warning to the international working class.

The move to establish US neocolonial rule in the Middle East, which under the presidency of George W. Bush took the form of the invasion of Iraq, was not an aberration, but an expression of the world strategy of the American ruling class. Looking to shore up its eroded position within the world economy, Washington is bent on militarily controlling the world. Under Obama, the Democratic Party has taken up the neocolonial policy of the Bush administration and expanded it into a drive for domination over all of Eurasia…

…The EDCA and the Obama administration rely on petty-bourgeois “left” groups on both sides of the Pacific. While groups in the United States such as the International Socialist Organization function as thinly-veiled propagandists for Obama’s foreign policy, the Philippine Maoists have worked up noxious anti-Chinese hysteria that serves to justify Manila’s collaboration with the “pivot to Asia.”

They feed off the broader atmosphere stoked by the Philippine press, which publishes headlines alleging invasions by Beijing of Philippine territory in the South China Sea on a weekly basis…

Joseph Santolan

Excerpted; full article link: https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/05/17/pers-m17.html

China Voice: Spy charges expose U.S. cyber hegemony mentality [Xinhua]

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, Black propaganda, Brazil, China, China-bashing, China-US relations, Internet Global Hegemony, Iran, National Security Agency / NSA, NSA, Obama, Pensacola, Pentagon, US Government Cover-up, US imperialism, USA, USA 21st Century Cold War on May 22, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, May 21 (Xinhua) — The United States has indulged in its cyber hegemony mentality again as it filed ungrounded commercial cyber espionage charges against five Chinese military officers.

It is really amazing to see that the biggest cyber bully, which has virtually no credibility left in the cyber world, could still stand at the moral high ground to accuse others.

The U.S. has repeatedly and arbitrarily made baseless accusations about China’s cyber espionage in recent years, reflecting its hypocrisy and hegemony.

U.S. cyber hegemony is aggressive and dangerous in nature.

Even as overall U.S. defense spending witnessed cuts, the Pentagon is still beefing up its cyberspace force at the U.S. Cyber Command, doubling its budget to 447 million U.S. dollars this year, the Washington Post reported earlier this year.

The cyberspace force is also expected to be expanded from about 1,800 people today to more than 6,000 by the end of 2016, according to the plan.

The U.S. president has the power to order preemptive cyber strikes, the New York Times reported last year. And The Times reported that Obama ordered an escalating series of cyber attacks against Iran’s nuclear enrichment facilities.

While the U.S. has touted threats to cyber security from abroad, the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) has been one of the most active attackers of computer systems around the world.

China is in fact a major victim of persistent and large-scale cyber attacks from the U.S. targeting China’s government institutions, schools, universities, companies and even individuals.

China has always requested that the U.S. give a clear and thorough clarification on why it targeted Chinese institutions and people, but the country has still not received it.

The unfounded charge against Chinese officers amounts to the same hypocrisy as a bandit calling for justice.

The Europeans were alerted to risks by a European Parliament report more than a decade ago that the U.S. uses sophisticated electronic spying techniques to gather economic intelligence.

The report put forward extensive claims that the U.S. NSA routinely tracks telephone, fax, and email transmissions from around the world and passes on useful corporate intelligence to American companies.

Among the allegations, the NSA fed information to Boeing and McDonnell Douglas, now part of Boeing, enabling the companies to beat out European Airbus for a multi-billion dollar contract.

U.S. intelligence, by virtue of data provided by nine Internet companies, including Microsoft, Google, Apple, Facebook, and Yahoo, and other major telecom providers, tracked citizens’ private contacts and social activities recklessly, according to the Washington Post.

Allegations of rampant U.S. electronic espionage have unfolded on a global scale in the wake of damaging revelations by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden.

After it was exposed that Brazil’s state oil giant Petrobras was also targeted by U.S. surveillance, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff said the U.S. spying was out of economic and strategic interests instead of concerns about terrorism as Washington had claimed.

Instead of offering a sincere “sorry,” Washington has found that mudslinging at other countries is a way to remedy its image, which has been tarred by its global spy program.

Unless the U.S. casts away the cyber hegemony mentality of turning the Internet into a tool to monitor the whole world and consolidate its own status, it will be impossible to build a just international order or avoid high-risk behavior online.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/21/c_133351011.htm

China Voice: Big Brother USA’s spy charges are absurd [Xinhua]

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, Black propaganda, China, China-bashing, China-US relations, CIA, Internet Global Hegemony, National Security Agency / NSA, NSA, PLA, US Government Cover-up, US imperialism, USA on May 22, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

BEIJING, May 20 (Xinhua) — As the most notorious surveillance country, the U.S. indictment of Chinese military officers seems almost insolent in a world still reeling at the scope of the U.S. spy network.

The Chinese military has never engaged in cyber theft of trade secrets, nonetheless, Washington has charged five members of the People’s Liberation Army with hacking U.S. companies.

Everyone knows that the U.S. itself is the biggest cyber bully, conducting sweeping surveillance around the world. Documents leaked by former Central Intelligence Agency contractor Edward Snowden detailed the National Security Agency’s (NSA) surveillance activities around the globe, from foreign leaders to ordinary citizens.

Intelligence from Snowden showed that about 70 million French phone calls were collected by the NSA from December 2012 to January 2013. More than 120 world leaders have been under U.S. surveillance since 2009.

China is one of Big Brother’s victims. The U.S. routinely attacks, infiltrates and taps Chinese networks belonging to governments, institutions, enterprises, universities and major telecom backbone networks.

Latest data from the National Computer Network Emergency Response Technical Team Coordination Center of China showed that 135 host computers in the U.S. carried 563 phishing pages targeting Chinese websites that led to 14,000 phishing operations from March 19 to May 18.

The center found 2,016 IP addresses in the U.S. had implanted backdoors in 1,754 Chinese websites, involving 57,000 backdoor attacks in the same period.

The indictment is based on fabricated facts, grossly violates the basic norms governing international relations and has harmed China-U.S. ties.

In 2013 China sought talks with the U.S. on policing cyber space through a bilateral working group, despite the shadow cast over relations by Snowden’s disclosures of U.S. electronic surveillance in China.

The U.S. intentionally jeopardized the trust between the world’s two biggest economies and China on Monday announced the suspension of the China-U.S. Cyber Working Group which was scheduled to met in July in Beijing.

The U.S. should clean its own house before pointing fingers at others.

Article link: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/20/c_126525854.htm

“US pushes cyber-war confrontation with China” – Justice Department’s absurd indictment of PLA officers [World Socialist Website]

Posted in Anti-China media bias, Anti-China propaganda exposure, Black propaganda, Capitalist media double standard, China, China-bashing, China-US relations, Corporate Media Critique, Internet Global Hegemony, Media smear campaign, National Security Agency / NSA, NSA, Obama, Pentagon, PLA, Psychological warfare, US imperialism, USA, USA 21st Century Cold War on May 20, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

By Patrick Martin
20 May 2014

A federal grand jury has indicted five officers of the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army on computer hacking, economic espionage and other charges, officials of the US Department of Justice announced at a press conference Monday morning.

The indictment is unprecedented under international law, as it aims to criminalize actions allegedly carried out not by individual hackers, or “rogue” elements, but by serving officers in the armed forces of a major country. It is calculated to provoke a confrontation between the US and Chinese governments.

“These represent the first ever charges against known state actors for infiltrating US commercial targets by cyber means,” Attorney General Eric Holder said at the press briefing, emphasizing that the Obama administration was undertaking a major escalation in its anti-China policy. “The range of trade secrets and other sensitive business information stolen in this case is significant and demands an aggressive response.”

The five men, named as Wang Dong, Sun Kailiang, Wen Xinyu, Huang Zhenyu, and Gu Chunhui, are said to be officers in Unit 61398 of the Third Department of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, based in Shanghai. Each faces 31 counts of computer and economic crimes. While none is in US custody, the charges would carry lengthy prison sentences.

The alleged targets of the hacking include Westinghouse Electric Co., United States Steel, Alcoa Inc., Allegheny Technologies Inc. (ATI), U.S. subsidiaries of SolarWorld AG, and the United Steel Workers union, which represents some workers at those companies.

Westinghouse is the major US builder of nuclear power plants, and built four such facilities in China in 2010-2011. The other companies entered into production agreements with Chinese companies during that time, or were engaged in trade litigation, as was the USW. The Chinese officers supposedly used cyber-warfare techniques to gain access to internal e-mails and other confidential materials at all six organizations.

The indictment is an act of monumental cynicism. The revelations of former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, which began almost exactly one year ago, have demonstrated that the US government is by far the world’s largest “hacker,” with tens of thousands of employees and tens of billions in resources devoted to invading computer systems all over the world and stealing e-mails, text messages, communications metadata, address books and every other form of electronic data.

The US government collects the content of the voice, text and e-mail communications of nearly everyone on the planet. It has engineered back-door entry into the business activities of Internet service providers and e-mail providers like Google, Microsoft and Yahoo to bypass their security and encryption and conduct illegal surveillance of their customers. It has broken into corporate servers, either electronically or physically, to install monitoring devices.

The NSA particularly targets for surveillance strategic companies like Huawei, the Chinese manufacturer of servers and routers, aiming to use Huawei machines as a vehicle for spying on the company’s customers, corporations and governments throughout Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe.

The US television networks gave enormous play to the indictments in their Monday evening broadcasts, without a hint of the grotesque contradictions in the US government action. One can only imagine the reaction in Washington, and in the American media, if China were to indict NSA director Keith Alexander, who recently retired, or his successor Admiral Michael Rogers, on charges of espionage, hacking and information theft…

Excerpted; full article link: https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/05/20/usch-m20.html
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Related Xinhua articles:

China strongly opposes U.S. indictment against Chinese military personnel – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/20/c_133347615.htm

China publishes latest data of U.S. cyber attack – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/20/c_126520552.htm

China suspends cyber working group activities with U.S. to protest cyber theft indictment – http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-05/20/c_126520553.htm

Manila files legal case against Beijing’s South China Sea claim [World Socialist Website]

Posted in Anti-China propaganda exposure, Beijing, Black propaganda, China, China-bashing, China-US relations, Neo-colonialism, Obama, Philippines, South China Sea, US imperialism, USA on April 6, 2014 by Zuo Shou / 左手

By Joseph Santolan
3 April 2014

On March 30, Philippine President Benigno Aquino’s administration filed a legal case before the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) disputing Beijing’s claim to waters and land features in the South China Sea. The ITLOS is an intergovernmental body established by the United Nations for adjudicating maritime disputes in accordance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

Manila’s case, which was electronically submitted, was nearly 4,000 pages long. It argues that China’s South China Sea claim—referred to as “the nine-dash claim” because of the nine-dash line drawn around the disputed waters on Chinese territorial maps—is based exclusively on historical documents and not the proximate land features, such as the Spratly Islands. Manila insists that the Philippines has sovereignty over spits of rock, sandbars and atolls that continue to project above sea level at high tide and that each of these bits of earth grants Manila sovereignty over the surrounding waters.

The legal case marks a significant escalation of the tensions in the region, which have already reached a boiling point. As with each previous heightening of conflicts in the South China Sea, the real author of this latest provocation is not Manila, but Washington.

Beijing has consistently maintained that disputes in the region must be resolved on a bilateral basis and not through multilateral talks or international adjudication. Washington has repeatedly stated that “freedom of navigation” is an issue in which it has a “national interest.” It has pressured Beijing and the rival South China Sea claimants to address their disputes in multilateral discussions, with Washington as a participant.

Manila’s legal case was drafted and will be argued by the US law firm, Foley Hoag, which has close ties to the Obama administration. The firm gave hundreds of thousands of dollars to Obama’s election campaigns, and Obama appointed a Foley Hoag senior partner as ambassador to Norway. The lead lawyer on the Manila’s ITLOS case is Foley Hoag partner Paul Reichler.

Beijing has refused to respond to the case and will not appear before the ITLOS. A five-member panel of judges will review Manila’s case and reach a legal decision, which is non-binding on the disputants.

According to the Aquino administration, Beijing sent requests to Manila during the final week of January through an emissary from Brunei and through “diplomatic backchannels” requesting that Manila delay the submission of its ITLOS suit in order to “ease tension in the region.”

The response was sharp and clearly orchestrated by Washington. The New York Times conducted an exclusive interview with President Aquino, in which he pointedly compared China to Nazi Germany and the disputed South China Sea to the Sudetenland, which Hitler annexed before the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia.

At the same time, the US State department issued several statements that for the first time openly disputed Beijing’s claim to the South China Sea. Previously Washington adopted a posture of neutrality of territorial claims—while tacitly encouraging allies such as the Philippines to aggressively press their case…

Excerpted; full article link: https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/03/phil-a03.html
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See also “Commentary: Manila’s wrong calculation” [Xinhua] — http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-03/31/c_133226771.htm