Why and How the CPC Works in China [China.cn.org]

June 30, 2011

A book that answers 13 questions about how the Communist Party of China (CPC) works in China and why the Party has made great achievements in the past decades has been recently published by the Beijing-based New World Press.

The book, named “Why and How the CPC Works in China”, puts forward a new way of introducing China and the CPC to the world.

Xie Chuntao, the author of the book and a professor with the Party School of the Central Committee of the CPC, writes in the foreword that since China has been developing rapidly in recent years, the topics such as “China model,” “China’s road” and “China’s experience” are being discussed a lot at the international level. Why has this happened? Xie and the co-authors of the book raise and discuss 13 questions of the CPC’s history and its way of governing the country.

“We provide the answers in a story-telling way,” said Xie. “Unlike other academic books, we lead the readers to draw conclusions by themselves from the stories.”

Zhao Qizheng, the spokesman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, said in his review of the book, “This book records the whole process from the foundation of the People’s Republic of China to the modern construction of the country. I have been involved in the process, and this book’s stories recall many of my memories. For many people in other countries, who have misunderstandings about the CPC, this book is definitely a must read…”

*** Selected Parts of the Book ***

1. Why was the CPC capable of establishing a new China?

In modern times, striving to save the Chinese nation when its very existence was at stake, numerous people with lofty ideals worked arduously at considerable sacrifice but did not succeed. Why could the CPC lead the Chinese people to establish a new China and realize the independence and emancipation of the Chinese nation?

2. How was the CPC able to clear up the mess left behind by the KMT?

When the Kuomintang (KMT) fled the mainland of China in 1949 it took with it the country’s foreign exchange reserves in gold and silver accumulated over the years, and left behind a national economy severely damaged by the turmoil of war. At that time many people doubted the capacity of the CPC to rule China. However, in just three years the CPC rebuilt China’s national economy to the highest level before 1949. How could it do this?

3. How did the CPC keep the people’s support despite its mistakes?

After the CPC became the national power holder it scored a series of achievements. However, it also committed mistakes such as the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution. How could it win the people’s support and continue in power even with those serious mistakes?

4. How did the CPC maintain power when the Eastern Bloc Communist Parties fell?

At the end of the 1980s and in the early 1990s, the communist parties in the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries lost their status as ruling parties one after another. Some Western political celebrities believed that the CPC would follow suit, but they were soon disappointed to find that the status of the CPC as a ruling party is as stable as Mount Tai. Why was the situation so different in China? What’s the difference between the CPC and the communist parties of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries?

5. How could the CPC solve the problem of feeding 1.3 billion people?

A renowned scholar in the West once asked who could feed the Chinese people, a question having no small impact on the world. However, in just a few years facts proved that the scholar was over-anxious. China not only feeds its own people but also contributes greatly to solving the problem of grain supply worldwide. How could the CPC score such an achievement?

6. How could the CPC develop China into the world’s second-largest economy?

China’s economy was almost on the brink of collapse before the implementation of the reform and opening-up policy. However, in a little more than 30 years China has developed into the world’s second-largest economy. What method did the CPC adopt to create such a wonder in the history of the world economy?

7. How could the CPC integrate socialism with the market economy?

The planned economy is a basic characteristic of socialism, while the market economy is a patent of capitalism. How could the CPC establish a socialist market economy system and bring vitality to China’s development?

8. How could a system of multi-party cooperation under the CPC’s leadership be implemented?

The political party system China has adopted is marked by multi-party cooperation under the leadership of the CPC. Such a system is unique in the world. How could the CPC establish and practice such a system, and why can other parties accept the leadership of the CPC?

9. Why could prosperity and stability be maintained in Hong Kong and Macao?

It was predicted that Hong Kong would collapse after China resumed sovereignty over it. However, Hong Kong’s capitalist economy is even more prosperous than ever, since its return over a decade ago. After China resumed its sovereignty over Macao, the gambling industry in Macao continued to boom, and Macao began the successful transformation of its economic pattern. How could the CPC achieve success in implementing its policy of “one country, two systems”?

10. Why does the relationship across the Taiwan Straits keep making progress?

Due to historical reasons, the mainland and Taiwan were antagonistic towards each other for decades. However, in recent years, with more and more communication between the Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Straits, there have been fewer and fewer misunderstandings, and the mainland and Taiwan are increasingly inseparable. How could the CPC’s policy toward Taiwan increasingly win the understanding and recognition of the people in Taiwan?

11. How could China win the support of so many developing countries?

China experiences setbacks from time to time in its communication with some developed Western countries due to the differences between them in terms of ideology and social systems. However, China maintains close relations with most developing countries. How could the CPC and Chinese government win the understanding and support of most developing countries?

12. How could the CPC conduct the earthquake relief work effectively and host the Beijing Olympic Games successfully?

In 2008 two events in China amazed the whole world: One was the highly-efficient earthquake relief work and the other the truly exceptional Beijing Olympic Games. How could the CPC achieve such successes, and what advantages in terms of its system does China enjoy?

13. How can the CPC properly manage a party with nearly 80 million members?

The CPC has nearly 80 million members, more than the population of a small or medium-sized country. With what method does the CPC manage such a big party, and enable it to maintain cohesion and executive power, and go from strength to strength?…

Full article, with answers to the questions: http://www.china.org.cn/arts/2011-06/30/content_22890344.htm

2 Responses to “Why and How the CPC Works in China [China.cn.org]”

  1. Why was the situation so different in China? What’s the difference between the CPC and the communist parties of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries…

  2. Sweet & Sour Socialism Says:

    That’s a really good question.

    First thing is, this book which is being discussed in the article will be published in English (I learned this from related article that I will try to post); what this article contains is excerpts from the English version. The book may be able to provide some answers to your questions. Unfortunately, I haven’t seen any information on the publishing date or its availability yet.

    One would have to compare the different social conditions — and especially the social contradictions — in the different places where Communist parties were established; in China’s case there was a deeply backwards and relatively isolated feudalistic society in the early 20th century which was trying to move a republican direction. However, events of the First World War taught Chinese that Western Democracy was not the answer to China’s specific problems; then came Civil Wars and the Japanese invasion which became crucibles as to which party would lead and preserve China. These issues are strong factors in what made the CPC what it is today.

    Analyzing the differences between the USSR’s Party and the CPC is quite difficult to do in a nutshell, especially as it’s hard to find objective studies of the former and both had their respective political deviations and/or reforms over time.

    If one studies some of Lenin’s works you can get a sense of the USSR communist Party’s policies from the beginning. I feel they were more intent on thoroughly depriving the bourgeois of political rights and realizing the workers’ and peasants’ dictatorship, at least in theory. After Lenin’s time it’s harder for me to say.

    Mao Zedong thought, which remains the professed central plank of the CPC, has its ideological roots in Marxism-Leninism. However, I feel that at the time the PRC was established, in comparison to the USSR there was Mao’s somewhat more inclusive theory of “New Democracy” or “People’s Democratic Dictatorship”, which had a strong sense of the primacy of workers and peasants and the need to revolutionize the means of production but didn’t seem to be seeking to liquidate the capitalists as a class, seeing at least some of them as coalition allies in their defense of the Chinese nation during the war periods. They also never totally suppressed rival parties, which I believe was the case in the USSR; to this day non-CPC parties exist and take part in major conferences and consultation activities. But of course they may not compete for state power with the CPC.

    Now the CPC has capitalist members, which I’m quite sure never happened in the USSR’s time.

    I’m sorry to say that from lack of knowledge, I cannot speak at all on the nature of the Parties of the former Soviet bloc.

    This is only a thumbnail answer to your question and besides reading a Selected Works of Lenin, you could also read Mao’s Selected Works — or if you’re into a briefer overview, you could find an objective survey / summary in book form of each of their theories — and compare for yourself. I recommend materials from the sources (the respective Parties and their leaders) as much as possible, because there is so much anti-communist garbage out there. Good luck.

    -Zuo Shou

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